|Botanical Nomenclature||Crataegus monogyna|
|Common Name||Common Hawthorn, Haw, May, Mayblossom, Maythorn, Motherdie, Quickthorn, Single-Seeded Hawthorn, Whitethorn|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Crataegus monogyna is a deciduous shrub or a small, spiny tree growing up to 10m, with lanceolate, green leaves, spherical, red fruits and fragrant, white flowers. The flowering lasts from May to June|
|Region Found||Ioannina (Zagori), Thesprotia|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Fruits, flowers, leaves|
|Active Substances||Hyperoside, quercetin, vitexine, vitexin rhamnoside (flavonoids), phenolic acids (chlorogenic, caffeic acid), pentacyclic triterpenes (ursolic, oleic acid)|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant is cardiotonic and is recommended for the treatment of heart's diseases, as tachycardia, cardiac arrhythmia, heart failure and heart degenerative diseases. It may be used to reset to normal blood pressure in case of hypertension or hypotension, as it dilates the arteries and increases the heart rate. It relieves the symptoms of angina and reduces the blood cholesterol levels. Also, the plant is administered as anticonvulsant against asthma, diarrhea and uterine contractions, as well for the treament of insomnia due to its sedative action. Finally, it has astringent properties and it is used to treat edema, kidneys' diseases and sore throat.|
|Method of Administration||It is administered for the treatment of congestive heart failure (CHF) in the form of herbal tea (60mg three times daily or 80mg twice a day, in adults over 18 years old). In the Zagori area it is administered as antispasmodic in the form of herbal tea (from the dried leaves and fruits in boiled water, a cup of tea twice a day).
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||Overdose may cause a large reduction in blood pressure, arrhythmias and sedation. Attention required when the plant is administered at the same time with nitrates drugs, cardiotonic glycosides and antidepressants.|
|References||1)http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jsfa.5952/full 2)Garc?a-Herrera, P., S?nchez-Mata, M. C., C?mara, M., Tard?o, J. and Olmedilla-Alonso, B. (2012), Carotenoid content of wild edible young shoots traditionally consumed in Spain (Asparagus acutifolius L., Humulus lupulus L., Bryonia dioica Jacq. and Ta 3) Βιβλίο: Οδηγός των φαρμακευτικών φυτών, Paul Schauenberg, Ferdinand Paris, Εκδότης Μ. Γκιούρδας, Αθήνα 1981, σελίδες 116 4) http://www.reherb.eu/el/content/crataegus-monogyna 5)http://herbalinformation.awardspace.com/?cm=c&fn=crataegus_monogyna|