|Botanical Nomenclature||Veratrum album lobelianum|
|Common Name||European White Hellebore, False Helleborine, White Hellebore, White Veratrum|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Veratrum album lobelianum is a perennial plant, growing by 1 to 1,5m. The leaves are oval and large and the white or green flowers form bunches at the tip of the stem. It blossoms from June to July and the harvesting takes place mainly from September to October.|
|Region Found||Province of Ioannina (Gramos Mountain)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Root|
|Active Substances||Veratrini A and B (alkaloids) 1.6%. More alkaloids, such as germerini, sevanini, gervanini, gervini, rouvigervini, zervini, veratrosini, veratramarini (glycoside) and starch.|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has antihypertensive properties due to Veratrini A and B, and is administered orally for the treatment of severe hypertension. It is also effective against myasthenia gravis and muscular dystrophy (MD). In homeopathy, it is used externally in the form of powder to treat neuralgia, rheumatic pain, pruritus (itch) and gout.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is mainly externally administered in the form of powder (0,03-0,1g daily) to treat various skin diseases. A tincture (herbal extract, 1: 5 in 70% ethyl alcohol, 10 to 30 drops per day) is recommended for its antihypertensive properties.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||The consuption of the plant may cause violent gastrointestinal reactions, accompanied by projectile vomiting, diarrhea, nausea and salivation. It has also narcotic properties, with intense phenomena of withdrawal syndrome (lethal dose: 1-2g powder of dried root).|
|References||1) Bιβλίο: Τα φαρμακευτικά βότανα και οι θεραπευτικές τους ιδιότητες, Λάμπρου Π. Σπύρου, Αγροτικός εκδοτικός οίκος, Αθήνα 1981, A' τόμος, σελίδες: 146-147 2) Βιβλίο: Οδηγός των φαρμακευτικών φυτών, Paul Schauenberg, Ferdinand Paris, Εκδότης Μ. Γκιούρδας, Αθήνα 1981, σελίδες 54, 3)http://www.homeopathy.gr/homeopathy.php?remedy=veratrum 4)http://entheology.com/plants/veratrum-album-white-hellebore/ 5)http://hpathy.com/materia-medica/veratrum-album-4/ 6)http://votanakaifisi.blogspot.gr/2013/02/veratrum-album-l-ellebore-blanc.html 7)http://www.herbs2000.com/homeopathy/verat_alb.htm|