|Botanical Nomenclature||Alliaria petiolata|
|Common Name||Garlic Mustard, Hedge Garlic, Jack-By-The-Hedge, Jack-In-The-Bush, Penny Hedge, Poor Man's Mustard, Sauce-Alone|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Alliaria petiolata is an annual or biennial, herbaceous plant growing from 30 to 90cm, with green, heart-shaped leaves and small, white flowers. When the plant is compressed gives out a strong smell which is similar to onion's. The flowering lasts from April to June and the harvesting takes place from May to June|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Aboveground plant parts|
|Active Substances||Sinigrin (glycoside), essential oil, vitamin A, B, C, glycosides, sulfur, iron|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has astringent, sweating, anthelmintic and antiasthmatic properties. It is used for the treatment of bronchitis, asthma and rheumatism. Also, it is applied on the skin in the form of poultice against ulcers and pruritus (itching), caused by insect bites.|
|Method of Administration||The poultice from the fresh plant is applied on the skin. Also, in homeopathy the plant is administered in the form of tincture.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||Plant's consumption may cause dry skin and unpleasant taste. Long-term use of high doses may cause addiction and withdrawal syndrome event.|
|References||1) Βιβλίο: Οδηγός των φαρμακευτικών φυτών, Paul Schauenberg, Ferdinand Paris, Εκδότης Μ. Γκιούρδας, Αθήνα 1981, σελίδες 81-82 2)McKay, D. L. and Blumberg, J. B. (2006), A Review of the bioactivity and potential health benefits of chamomile tea (Matricaria recutita L.). Phytother. Res., 20: 519–530. doi: 10.1002/ptr.1900 3)http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ptr.1900/pdf 4)http://www.pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?LatinName=Alliaria+petiolata 5)http://www.naturalmedicinalherbs.net/herbs/a/alliaria-petiolata=garlic-mustard.php 6)http://practicalplants.org/wiki/Alliaria_petiolata|