|Botanical Nomenclature||Adiantum capillus-veneris|
|Common Name||Black Maidenhair Fern, Southern Maidenhair Fern, Venus Hair Fern|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Adiantum capillus-veneris is a perennial plant growing up to 30cm, with thin, small, pinnate, light green leaves and white flowers. The flowering lasts from June to August and the harvesting takes place from May to October.|
|Region Found||Ioannina (Aoos river: Bourazani, Vikos-Aoos, Arachthos Gorge, Kalarrytikos Gorge), Preveza (Kalamas, Acheron Gorge, Saint George of Louros, Saint Barnabas Forest)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Leaves|
|Active Substances||Tannins, mucus, flavonoids, phenylpropanoid, carotenoids, triterpenes (b-sitosterol, stigmasterol, campesterol)|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antitussive and sedative properties. Also, it has antihaemorrhagic action, which may be attributed to gallic acid and tannins. The plant is used against the pain during childbirth and as mild analgesic-antiinflammatory, due to the contained triterpenes, such as b-sitosterol, stigmasterol and campesterol. Finally, it is administered as softener and anticatarrhal, for the treatment of respiratory diseases, as well in the form of infusion against dysuria and hair loss.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered as sedative, emollient, antitussive and anticatarrhal for the treatment of respiratory diseases in the form of herbal tea (50-60g of dried leaves in a 1L of boiled water or 15-30g of fresh leaves in a 1L of boiled water). Also, it is administered in the form of infusion (a spoon of dried herb in a cup of boiling water, which is used to prepare a delicious syrup, 2-3 spoons daily).
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||No side effects are reported. (maximum dose 3g/kg body weight)|
|References||1) Bιβλίο: Τα φαρμακευτικά βότανα και οι θεραπευτικές τους ιδιότητες, Λάμπρου Π. Σπύρου, Αγροτικός εκδοτικός οίκος, Αθήνα 1981, A' τόμος, σελίδες: 64-65 2) Βιβλίο: Οδηγός των φαρμακευτικών φυτών, Paul Schauenberg, Ferdinand Paris, Εκδότης Μ. Γκιούρδας, Αθήνα 1981, σελίδες 151-152, 3)Basile A, Sorbo S, Giordano S, Ricciardi L, Ferrara S, Montesano D, et al. Antibacterial and allelopathic activity of extract from Castanea sativa leaves. Fitoterapia 2000;71, Supplement 1:S110-S6. 4)http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0367326X00001854 5)http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Adiantum+capillus-veneris 6)http://www.sciensage.info/journal/1359301772JASR_1007122.pdf|