|Botanical Nomenclature||Adonis vernalis|
|Common Name||False Hellebore, Pheasant's Eye, Spring Pheasant's Eye, Yellow Pheasant's Eye|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Adonis vernalis is a perennial plant, growing by 10 to 40cm. It has a lot of pinnate leaves and large, shiny, yellow flowers. The blossoming and harvesting takes place between April and May.|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||The whole plant, and in particular the root.|
|Active Substances||Adonini, kymarini, adonitoxini, adonivernosidi (glycosides-cardenolides relative of digitalini) vernadini (coumarinic derivative)|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has mild cardiotonic (sharper heart contraction) and vasodilatory properties, mainly caused by the action of the glycosides to the coronary arteries. All these plant's actions make it suitable to treat heart failure, cardiac arrhythmias, palpitations, mitral valve stenosis and peripheral edema due to the declining of the heart function. It is also administered in acute inflammation of the urethra and edema associated with the reduced renal function. The plant is recommended in the form of herbal tea for the treatment of cough, inflammation of the upper respiratory system and of myalgias, mainly because of its soothing properties.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered in the form of infusion (a spoon of dried herb in a cup of boiling water, 2-3 times a day) and in the form of herbal tea (2 spoons of dried herb in a cup of boiling water, once a day for children).
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||Self healing should be prevented, because the whole plant is very active. Vomiting and diarrhea may be caused after the herb's consumption. Patient who suffers from ulcers is better to avoid any therapeutic use of the plant. Large doses of the plant may cause cardiotoxicity. Contraindicated under the age of 3 years.|
|References||1) Βιβλίο: Οδηγός των φαρμακευτικών φυτών, Paul Schauenberg, Ferdinand Paris, Εκδότης Μ. Γκιούρδας, Αθήνα 1981, σελίδες 237-238, 2)http://www.henriettes-herb.com/eclectic/kings/adonis.html 3)http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Adonis+vernalis 4)http://www.ema.europa.eu/docs/en_GB/document_library/Maximum_Residue_Limits_-_Report/2009/11/WC500009398.pdf 5)http://www.naturalmedicinalherbs.net/herbs/a/adonis-vernalis=pheasant's-eye.php 6)http://www.motherearthliving.com/plant-profile/an-herb-to-know-47.aspx#axzz3KijHz3Yf 7)http://www.iama.gr/ethno/ypertasi_files/Ypertasi_Kandyli.pdf|