|Botanical Nomenclature||Clematis vitalba|
|Common Name||Old Man's Beard, Traveller's Joy|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Clematis vitalba is a perennial plant growing from 5 to 8m, with opposite, pinnate, horn-shaped leaves and plush fruits. The flowers are white at the beginning and gradually are getting yellow. The flowering lasts from July to August and the harvesting takes place all year round.|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Leaves, flowers|
|Active Substances||Protoanemonin, which is producted from the glycoside of ranunculin (from this glycoside are also producted the compounds: anemonin, caoulosaponin, caoulosapogenin, stigmasterol, quercetin, myricilic alcohol, b-siterosterol, trimethylamine, n-triacontane, n-nonacosane, ginnone , ginole and campesterol), saponins, alkaloids, glycosides.|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has analgesic, antiinflammatory, diuretic and anti-microbial properties. The leaves are used in the form of poultice for the treatment of rheumatic pain, arthritic, skin ulcers (face, nose, eyes) and pruritus (itching).|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered as analgesic and antiinflammatory in the form of poultice from the leaves, which is applied to the skin for one hour. If the poultice remains to the skin for more than an hour, it may cause pustules and purulent dermatitis.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||Dizziness, confusion, fainting and seizures are symptoms of poisoning. Purulent dermatitis may be caused after prolonged use of the poultice.|
|References||1) Bιβλίο: Τα φαρμακευτικά βότανα και οι θεραπευτικές τους ιδιότητες, Λάμπρου Π. Σπύρου, Αγροτικός εκδοτικός οίκος, Αθήνα 1981, Α' τόμος, σελίδες: 44-46 2) Βιβλίο: Οδηγός των φαρμακευτικών φυτών, Paul Schauenberg, Ferdinand Paris, Εκδότης Μ. Γκιούρδας, Αθήνα 1981, σελίδες 139-140 3)http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22957412 4)Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2012 Jul;16 Suppl 3:1-9. Characterisation of the antioxidant effects of Aesculus hippocastanum L. bark extract on the basis of radical scavenging activity, the chemiluminescence of human neutrophil bursts and lipoperoxidati 5)http://www.drugs.com/npp/clematis.html 6)http://practicalplants.org/wiki/Clematis_vitalba|