|Botanical Nomenclature||Daucus carota|
|Common Name||Bird's Nest, Bishop's Lace, Queen Anne's Lace, Wild Carrot|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Daucus carota is an annual or perennial herbaceous plant growing from 10 to 50cm, with pinnate, wavy, thin leaves, small, oval, brown fruits and small, white flowers in inflorescence. The flowering lasts from June to August and the harvesting takes place all year round.|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Root, leaves, seeds|
|Active Substances||Vitamin C, B1, B2, provitamin A, carbohydrates (glucose, sucrose), pectin, starch, malic acid, essential oil (which contains pinene, limonene, asarone, carotol), minerals (calcium, phosphorous, magnesium), flavonoids|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant is used as antidiarrheal, emollient, diuretic, anthelmintic and antiseptic. The essential oil has antimicrobial properties, while carrots improve the vision and preserve the visual acuity. These actions are attributed to the contained pro-vitamin A, which binds with eye proteins and stimulates the production of rods' and cones' retina pigments. The herbal tea is used for the treatment of cystitis, gallstones, diabetes, edema, dyspepsia and menstrual disorders. Finally, the carrot pulp is applied to the skin as it soothes pruritus (itching) and heals the wounds and the burns.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered against diarrhea, cystitis, gallstones and dyspepsia in the form of herbal tea (2-3 pureed carrots into 300mL of water, 2-3 times a day) or they can be consumed as fresh salad.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||Orange coloration of the skin may be observed after overdose. No side effects are reported.|
|References||1)) Bιβλίο: Τα φαρμακευτικά βότανα και οι θεραπευτικές τους ιδιότητες, Λάμπρου Π. Σπύρου, Αγροτικός εκδοτικός οίκος, Αθήνα 1981, Α' τόμος, σελίδες: 198-119 2)Βιβλίο: Οδηγός των φαρμακευτικών φυτών, Paul Schauenberg, Ferdinand Paris, Εκδότης Μ. Γκιούρδας, Αθήνα 1981, σελίδες 58-59 3)http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874105000887 4)Paolo Maria Guarrera, Giovanni Salerno, Giulia Caneva, Folk phytotherapeutical plants from Maratea area (Basilicata, Italy), Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 99, Issue 3, 14 July 2005, Pages 367-378, ISSN 0378-8741, 10.1016/j.jep.2005.01.039 5)http://health-from-nature.net/Carrot.html 6)https://kentromeletisarxaiasthourias.wordpress.com/2013/06/18/daucus-carota-%CE%B1%CE%B3%CF%81%CE%B9%CE%BF%CE%BA%CE%B1%CF%81%CF%8C%CF%84%CE%BF/|