|Botanical Nomenclature||Bulbus Allium sativum|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Allium sativum is a small, bulbous plant growing up to 70cm, with linear leaves, small, oval, red bulbs and small, pink-white flowers. The flowering lasts from July to August.|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Bulbs, leaves, stems, essential oil|
|Active Substances||Steroids, terpenoids, flavonoids, phenols, essential oil which contains alliin, allisin (sulfur compounds), sulfides, allinasi (enzyme) and vitamin A1, B1, B2|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has antioxidant, antihypertensive, antimicrobial properties and it is administered for the treatment of atherosclerosis (preventing the oxidation of LDL-cholesterol), common cold, hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia. Also it has spasmolytic, antiseptic, cholagogue and diuretic properties and it is effective against flatulence, amoebic dysentery and other infectious diseases of the gastrointestinal. Finally, it possibly has cytotoxic properties against the cancer cells.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered as antioxidant and antiseptic in the form of raw garlic (4g a day) and in the form of tablets from the powder of dried bulb (300mg, 2-3 times daily). It is recommended as antihypertensive, antibacterial, diuretic and cholagogue in the form bulb's extract (7,2g a day), poultice, ointment and tincture (1: 5 parts of herbal extract and ethyl alcohol 70%).
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||No side effects have been reported. The oral administration of the herbal tea in empty stomach may cause gastrointestinal disorders and increased bowel movement. The external use may cause allergic reaction. Caution when the plant is coadministered with anticoagulant therapy due to its antithrombotic action.|
|References||1) Bιβλίο: Τα φαρμακευτικά βότανα και οι θεραπευτικές τους ιδιότητες, Λάμπρου Π. Σπύρου, Αγροτικός εκδοτικός οίκος, Αθήνα 1981, A' τόμος, σελίδες: 78-81 2) Βιβλίο: Οδηγός των φαρμακευτικών φυτών, Paul Schauenberg, Ferdinand Paris, Εκδότης Μ. Γκιούρδας, Αθήνα 1981, σελίδες 277-287, 3)http://herbalinformation.awardspace.com/?cm=a&fn=allium_sativum 4)file:///C:/Users/User/Downloads/PharmakognosiaIIAllium.pdf 5)http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/natural/300.html 6)http://www.reherb.eu/el/content/allium-sativum|