|Botanical Nomenclature||Stachys officinalis|
|Common Name||Betony, Bishopwort, Hedgenettle, Purple Betony, Wood Betony|
|Taxonomy- Family||Lamiaceae or Labiatae|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Stachys officinalis is a perennial herbaceous growing from 20 to 60cm, with opposite, oval, elliptic, wavy, toothed leaves and pink or red flowers in inflorescence (bunches). The flowering and the harvesting take place from June to September.|
|Region Found||Preveza, Ioannina (Gramos, Smolikas, Vikos-Aoos)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||All aboveground plant parts|
|Active Substances||Tannins (15%), alkaloids (vetonikin), stachydrenio, trigonelline, allantoin|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has hemostatic and healing properties and it is used to treat the bleeding wounds. Also it has antipyretic, sweating, anthelmintic, antiseptic, laxative, cholagogue, diuretic and expectorant properties. It is administered against fever, asthma, bronchitis, anemia, neuritis and ulcer. It is recommended in the form of poultice (from the dried root) for the treatment of varicose veins, edema, and muscular aches.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered as antiseptic, laxative and expectorant in the form of herbal tea (1-2 spoons of dried herb in a cup of boiled water, 3 times a day). It is recommended as healing and antidiarrheal in the form of tincture (1: 5 parts of infusion of fresh leaves and ethyl alcohol 70%, 2-6ml, 3 times a day).
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||Diarrhea, vomiting and possible abortifacient activity are possible to be observed.|
|References||1) Βιβλίο: Οδηγός των φαρμακευτικών φυτών, Paul Schauenberg, Ferdinand Paris, Εκδότης Μ. Γκιούρδας, Αθήνα 1981, σελίδες 210-211, 2)http://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/b/betowo35.html 3)http://www.herbcraft.org/betony.html 4)http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Stachys+officinalis 5)http://health-from-nature.net/Betony.html 6)http://www.seedaholic.com/stachys-officinalis-2.html|