|Botanical Nomenclature||Passiflora incarnata|
|Common Name||Maypop, Purple Passionflower, True Passionflower, Wild Apricot, Wild Passion Vine|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Passiflora incarnata is a climbing, perennial plant growing from 7 to 10m, with shiny, green leaves. The white flowers have blue-purple crown and the edible fruits are oval. The flowering and the harvesting take place from May to June.|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Leaves|
|Active Substances||Flavonoids, maltose, pyridine-indole alkaloids (passiflorine, chemical substances similar to morphine, armin and armolia), cyanide glycosides, sterols|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has sedative, soothing, hypnotic, antidepressant, spasmolytic, astringent, sudorific and vasodilating properties. It is recommended for the treatment of insomnia, tenseness and irritability, without causing narcotic side effects. Also it is administered in the form of herbal tea of fresh leaves against neuralgia, irritable bowel syndrome, premenstrual tension, parkinsonian paroxysms, hysteria, asthma and neuromuscular pains.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered as hypnotic and sedative in the form of tincture (1: 5 parts of herb's extract and ethyl alcohol 70%, 6 to 10 drops in a liter of water, 1-2 times a day). Also it is administered as anticonvulsant and sedative in the form of herbal tea (15-25g of fresh leaves in 1L water, for 2-3 days).
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||No side effects have been reported.|
|References||1) Bιβλίο: Τα φαρμακευτικά βότανα και οι θεραπευτικές τους ιδιότητες, Λάμπρου Π. Σπύρου, Αγροτικός εκδοτικός οίκος, Αθήνα 1981, Β' τόμος, σελίδες: 412-414 2)Βιβλίο: Οδηγός των φαρμακευτικών φυτών, Paul Schauenberg, Ferdinand Paris, Εκδότης Μ. Γκιούρδας, Αθήνα 1981, σελίδες 362, 3)http://umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/herb/passionflower 4)http://www.ema.europa.eu/ema/index.jsp?curl=pages/medicines/herbal/medicines/herbal_med_000133.jsp&mid=WC0b01ac058001fa1d 5)http://www.medicinalplants-pharmacognosy.com/herbs-medicinal-plants/passiflora-passion-flower/passiflora-incarnata-benefits/ 6)http://www.altnature.com/gallery/passionflower.htm 7)http://www.raysahelian.com/passiflora.html|