|Botanical Nomenclature||Thymus vulgaris|
|Common Name||Garden Thyme, German Thyme, Thyme|
|Taxonomy- Family||Lamiaceae or Labiatae|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||An evergreen bush 15-30cm, with long grayish stems, narrow, oval leaves, which when the plant is dried take a brown-green color. The flowers are small and pink. The blooming takes place between May and October and harvesting from June to August.|
|Region Found||Ioannina (Peristeri), mountainous and hilly areas of Preveza (Souli), Arta, Thesprotia|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Leaves, flowers|
|Active Substances||Bitter agents, proteins, fats, starch, tannins, flavonoids, terpenoids, minerals (calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc), vitamin A, B1, B2 and C, antibiotic substances, essential oil (1-3%) which contains thymol 40%, carvacrol, p-cymene, linalool, borneol, beta-pinene.|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has anthelmintic, antiseptic, spasmolytic, antiseptic, sudorific, antitussive and expectorant properties. It is recommended for the treatment of laryngitis, bronchitis, productive and dry cough, pertussis and asthma. Also, due to the plant's extract astringent action it can be applied externally to disinfect the contaminated skin wounds. Finally, it is administered in the form of herbal tea against dyspepsia, gastritis, diarrhea and involuntary urination in children.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered as expectorant, antiseptic and antitussive in the form of herbal tea (two spoons of dried herb in a cup of boiled water, 3 times a day). In folk medicine the herb is recommended as digestive and anti-inflammatory in the form of tincture (15-20g of dried seeds in 100-200mL ethyl alcohol 70%, for 20 days, external application).
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||Mucous irritation is possible to be observed. Avoid plant's consumption during pregnancy. No side effects are reported.|
|References||1) Bιβλίο: Τα φαρμακευτικά βότανα και οι θεραπευτικές τους ιδιότητες, Λάμπρου Π. Σπύρου, Αγροτικός εκδοτικός οίκος, Αθήνα 1981, Β' τόμος, σελίδες: 237-238 2) Βιβλίο: Οδηγός των φαρμακευτικών φυτών, Paul Schauenberg, Ferdinand Paris, Εκδότης Μ. Γκιούρδας, Αθήνα 1981, σελίδες 316-317, 3) http://health-from-nature.net/Thyme-Common.html 4)http://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/t/thygar16.html 5)http://www.pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?LatinName=Thymus+vulgaris 6)http://aromaticplantkilkis.blogspot.gr/2010/03/lamiaceae-thymus-vulgaris.html|