|Botanical Nomenclature||Euphrasia officinalis|
|Common Name||Eyebright, Eyewort|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Euphrasia officinalis is a perennial plant growing up to 20cm, with oval, toothed, wavy leaves and white flowers with purple veins. The flowering lasts from July to September and the harvesting takes place in summer and autumn.|
|Region Found||Ioannina (Pindos, Gramos, Smolikas, Vikos-Aoos)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Aboveground plant parts|
|Active Substances||Glycosides (aoukouvin), tannins, resins, volatile oil which contains vitamin A, B, C, D and E, silicon, traces of copper and zinc. The plant's extract also contains acids (caffeic and ferulic), alkaloids, flavonoids, phytosterols and carbohydrates (arabinose, glucose, galactose)|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has tonic, astringent, emolient and mucolytic properties. It is recommended for the treatment of allergic rhinitis, runny nose, sinusitis and bronchial cold. Also, it is administered in the form of lotion against various eye diseases such as photosensitivity, pain, lacrimation, conjunctivitis and blepharitis.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered as mucolytic in the form of herbal tea (a spoon of dried herb in a cup of boiled water, 3 times daily) or it can be applied externally to the eye with compresses several times a day. Also it is administered in the form of tincture (1: 5 parts of dried herb and ethyl alcohol, 70%) from which is prepared an ophthalmic lotion (30 drops of the tincture in rose oil, several times a day).
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||Particular caution is recommended in oral administration, as it may cause mental confusion, amnesia, headache, increased pressure in the eyes with tearing, blurred vision, pruritus (itching), irritation, dyspnea, polyuria. No side effects are reported.|
|References||1) Bιβλίο: Τα φαρμακευτικά βότανα και οι θεραπευτικές τους ιδιότητες, Λάμπρου Π. Σπύρου, Αγροτικός εκδοτικός οίκος, Αθήνα 1981, Α' τόμος, σελίδες: 225 2) Βιβλίο: Οδηγός των φαρμακευτικών φυτών, Paul Schauenberg, Ferdinand Paris, Εκδότης Μ. Γκιούρδας, Αθήνα 1981, σελίδες 157, 3) http://health-from-nature.net/Eyebright.html 4)http://www.homeremediesweb.com/eyebright-health-benefits.php 5)http://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/e/eyebri20.html 6)http://abchomeopathy.com/r.php/Euphr|