|Botanical Nomenclature||Malva arborea or Lavatera arborea|
|Common Name||Lavatera Arborea, Malva Eriocalyx, Tree Mallow|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Malva arborea is a biennial or perennial plant growing from 1 to 2,5m, with large, serrated, fluffy, heart-shaped leaves which look like ivy leaves and large, pink or purple, solitary flowers, that grow from the leaf axils or in inflorescences. The fruits and the leaves are edible and the stem is woody at the base and fluffy. The flowering lasts from May to September and the harvesting takes place from July to September.|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Flowers, leaves, root|
|Active Substances||Essential oil, tannins, mucus, vitamins A, B1, B2, C, carbohydrates, minerals.|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The plant has emollient, expectorant, soothing, antitussive, anti-inflammatory and healing properties. It is recommended in the form of herbal tea for the treatment of cough, laryngitis, colic, gastritis, cystitis, diarrhea, gum's disease and hemorrhoids. The fruit juice relieves from bee or wasp bites and it is externally applied to the skin as astringent and healing against acne and rashes. The essential oil of the plant is used as component in footbaths, against callus and tired feet. In folk medicine of some countries such as France, the fresh or cooked leaves are consumed to improve kidney function, while in England and France, root's infusion is used in form of gargles against sore throat, cough and hoarseness.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered in the form of herbal tea (a spoon of dried leaves in a cup of boiled water for 5-10min, 3-4 times a day) and infusion (2 spoons of dried herb in a cup of boiling water for 10-15min, 1 -2 times a day). It is applied externally to the skin in the form of poultice (made from the fresh leaves and roots) and essential oil (footbaths). The leaves and fruits are edible and they are consumed either fresh or cooked, especially as diuretic.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||No side effects have been reported.|
|References||1)http://crescentbloom.com/Plants/Specimen/LA/Lavatera%20arborea.htm 2)https://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/m/mallow07.html 3)https://periplanomeno.wordpress.com/2011/09/05/%CE%BC%CE%BF%CE%BB%CF%8C%CF%87%CE%B1-%CE%BC%CE%AC%CE%BB%CE%B2%CE%B1-%CE%AE-%CE%BC%CE%B1%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%87%CE%B7-%CE%B7-%CE%B1%CE%B3%CF%81%CE%AF%CE%B1-malva-silvestris/ 4)http://www.drugs.com/npp/mallow.html 5)http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Lavatera+arborea|