|Botanical Nomenclature||Malus sylvestris|
|Common Name||European Crab Apple|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Μalus sylvestris is a small, varying in shape tree growing from 3 to 10m, with oval, lanceolate, toothed, fluffy or smooth leaves and small, pink with yellow anthers, hermaphrodite flowers. The fruits are small, yellow and spherical with sour taste and the bark is gray and thorny. The flowering lasts from April to May and the fruiting happens from August to October.|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Fruits, flowers, bark|
|Active Substances||Organic acids (acetic acid, alpha-linolenic acid, benzoic acid, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, ferulic acid, lactic acid, p-coumarin acid, protocatechuic acid, malic acid, citric acid), vitamins A, B1, C, flavonoids, carbohydrates, araban, galactan, tannins, quercetin, enzymes, calcium oxalate, geraniol, hyperoside, isoquercetin, lutein, rutin.|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The plant has anthelmintic, antibacterial, laxative, antifungal, antiseptic, sedative, hypnotic and anti-inflammatory properties. It is recommended in the form of herbal tea for the treatment of sore throat, constipation, fever and gastroenteritis especially in children. Also, the herbal extract lowers blood cholesterol levels, and inhibits the growth of many gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. It is applied externally to the skin in the form of poultice against eyes' inflammation, rheumatoid arthritis, wounds, burns and varicose veins.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered in the form of herbal tea (2-3 spoons of dried herb in a cup of boiled water for 5-10min, 3 times a day). It is applied externally to the skin and the eyes as antiseptic and soothing in the form of poultice made from the fresh plant.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||No side effects have been reported. No toxic reactions known, although the fruits contain traces of hydrogen cyanide. Very small amount of hydrogen cyanide is not harmfull, as it stimulates respiration and improves digestion. However in larger amounts it blocks mitochondrial respiration and leads to death.|
|References||1)http://www.naturalmedicinalherbs.net/herbs/m/malus-sylvestris=crab-apple.php 2)http://www.pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?LatinName=Malus+sylvestris 3)http://practicalplants.org/wiki/Malus_sylvestris 4)http://www.anniesremedy.com/herb_detail424.php|