|Botanical Nomenclature||Lithospermum officinale|
|Common Name||Common Gromwell, European Stoneseed|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Lithospermum officinale is a herbaceous, perennial plant growing from 40 to 80cm, with a lot of narrow, sessile, lanceolate, shiny leaves and white, yellow or blue flowers with five-lobbed hymen in wavy inflorescences. The seeds are smooth and spherical, the shoot is multi-branched and fluffy and the fruits consist of four woody, shiny nuts. The flowering lasts from June to July and harvesting takes place from July to August.|
|Region Found||Ioannina (Vikos-Aoos)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||The whole plant, root, leaves, stem, seeds, fruits|
|Active Substances||Silica (19.39%), calcium carbonate (68.2%), pigments (lithospermum red), fatty acids, proteins, carbohydrates, minerals.|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The plant has diuretic, sedative, soothing and antipyretic properties. It is recommended against gallstones, kidney's stones, cystitis and arthritis. The herbal tea made from the root and stem is used for the treatment of smallpox, measles as well as antipruritic. All plant parts contain an active substance (which is not identified yet) that inhibits gonadotropin's secretion by the pituitary gland. Due to this action the herbal extract is used as contraceptive|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered as diuretic and contraceptive in the form of herbal tea (a spoon of dried herb in a cup of boiled water, for 5-10min, 3 times a day) and infusion (2 spoons of dried herb in a cup of boiling water for 10 -15min, three times a day).
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||No side effects have been reported.|
|References||1) https://keys2liberty.wordpress.com/tag/lithospermum-officinale/ 2)http://www.medwelljournals.com/abstract/?doi=javaa.2011.1127.1132 3)http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Lithospermum+officinale 4)http://www.henriettes-herb.com/eclectic/kings/lithospermum.html 5)http://www.naturalmedicinalherbs.net/herbs/l/lithospermum-officinale=gromwell.php|