|Botanical Nomenclature||Asarum europaeum|
|Common Name||Asarabacca, European Wild Ginger, Hazelwort, Wild Spikenard|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Asarum europaeum is a creeping, perennial plant growing from 10 to 15cm, with kidney-shaped, shiny, green leaves and solitary, purple, bell-shaped, hermaphrodite flowers. The plant has a thin, square, gray outside and yellow inside root and capsule-like fruits. The flowering and the harvesting take place from April to May|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Root, leaves, fruits|
|Active Substances||Essential oil which contain 30-35% asarin, citric acid, tannic acid, starch, resins, chlorophyll, asarone, pinene, camphor, eugenol, starch, gluten, albumin.|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The plant has emetic, diuretic, laxative, emmenagogue, stimulant, sudorific and tonic properties. It is administered in the form of herbal tea for the treatment of bronchitis, pneumonia, whooping cough, diarrhea, sciatica and headaches. It is applied externally to the skin against various skin and eye problems, and in the form of gargles against toothache. In homeopathy it is recommended against gastroenteritis, rheumatism and various liver diseases.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered in the form of herbal tea (a quantity of dried leaves in a cup of boiled water for 5-10min, 3 times a day) and in the form of powder form the dried root and leaves as emetic (recommended dose 2g). It is applied externally to the skin in the form of poultice (5-20 leaves in a glass of hot water, for 12 hours).
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||Asarin may cause mucosal irritation, gastroenteritis and internal bleeding.|
|References||1)https://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/a/asara071.html#con 2)http://practicalplants.org/wiki/Asarum_europaeum 3)http://www.henriettes-herb.com/eclectic/kings/asarum-euro.html 4)http://medicinalherbinfo.org/herbs/Asarum.html 5)http://www.pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=Asarum+europaeum|