|Botanical Nomenclature||Cicer arietinum|
|Common Name||Bengal Gram, Cece, Ceci, Chana, Chickpea, Egyptian Pea, Garbanzo, Garbanzo Bean, Gram, Kabuli Chana|
|Taxonomy- Family||Fabaceae, Leguminosae|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Cicer arietinum is an annual plant growing up to 0,6m, with feathered, composite, round, green, serrated leaves and small, single, white, red or pink, hermaphrodite flowers, which grow from axils (armpits). The fruits are flattened and each one contains 1-2 seeds (chickpeas). The flowering lasts from June to July and the fruiting happens from August to September.|
|Region Found||Epirus (cultivated, not wild species)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Leaves, fruits, seeds|
|Active Substances||Phosphorus, magnesium, calcium, iron, vitamin B, K, E, C, albumin, fats, carbohydrates, cellulose, oxalates, malic acid, oxalic acid.|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The plant has aphrodisiac, emmenagogue, diuretic and hypocholesterolemic properties. It is recommended for the treatment of bronchitis, catarrhal, constipation, diarrhea, dyspepsia, flatulence and warts. The herbal tea made from the seeds reduces blood cholesterol levels. In folk medicine of various countries such as Chile, it is administered to infants mixed with milk against diarrhea. Also, it is used to treat nausea, abdominal pain, headaches, intestinal gasses, as well to regulate menstruation.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered in the form of herbal tea (300-350g of dried seeds in 2L of boiled water for 5-10min, 3 times a day). The seeds are edible and they are consumed after being cooked.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||Oxalic acid, contained in the plant, may cause skin irritation. Although its concentration is reduced after the plant being cooked. Particular attention and medical advice are required to patients who suffer from rheumatism, arthritis, gout and kidney stones.|
|References||1)Bιβλίο: Τα φαρμακευτικά βότανα και οι θεραπευτικές τους ιδιότητες, Λάμπρου Π. Σπύρου, Αγροτικός εκδοτικός οίκος, Αθήνα 1981, Ά τόμος, σελίδες: 220-221, 2)http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Cicer+arietinum 3)http://www.kew.org/science-conservation/plants-fungi/cicer-arietinum-chickpea 4)http://www.naturalmedicinalherbs.net/herbs/c/cicer-arietinum=chick-pea.php 5)http://practicalplants.org/wiki/Cicer_arietinum|