|Botanical Nomenclature||Secale cereale|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Secale cereale is an annual, biennial or perennial grass growing from 0,1 to 1,8m, with oblong, rough, redish leaves which grow in round and cylindrical bunches. The hermaphrodite flowers grow in groups of three in small inflorescences. The fruits are olive green, yellow or blue-green and they are longer and more peaked than the wheat grain. The flowering lasts from May to July and the fruiting happens from August to September.|
|Region Found||Epirus (cultivated, not wild species)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Seeds (grains)|
|Active Substances||Essential oil, starch, protein, vitamin A, B, C, potassium, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, zinc, minerals, fats, fiber, carbohydrates.|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The plant has laxative, soothing, anti-inflammatory and possibly anticancer properties. The herbal tea is recommended against constipation, neuropsychological disorders, insomnia and tachycardia, caused by stress. It is applied externally to the skin in the form of poultice against inflammations, edema, wounds and rheumatic pain. The herbal tea has been used for the treatment of malignant hyperthermia. The plant is used in bakery, in livestock as animal feed, in brewing, as well as fuel or biomass in industry. The brunches are used as raw material for paper production, weaving mats and hats and as packaging material.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered in the form of herbal tea (a spoon of dried herb in 150mL of boiled water for 5-10min, 3-4 times a day). It is applied externally to the skin as sedative and anti-inflammatory in the form of poultice.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||No side effects have been reported. Prolonged consumption may cause anorexia and vomiting.|
|References||1)Bιβλίο: Τα φαρμακευτικά βότανα και οι θεραπευτικές τους ιδιότητες, Λάμπρου Π. Σπύρου, Αγροτικός εκδοτικός οίκος, Αθήνα 1981, Ά τόμος, σελίδες: 163-164 2)http://www.naturalmedicinalherbs.net/herbs/s/secale-cereale=rye.php 3)http://plantstemcells.wikispaces.com/Rye+%E2%80%93+Secale+Cereale 4)http://practicalplants.org/wiki/Secale_cereale 5)http://www.kew.org/science-conservation/plants-fungi/secale-cereale-rye|