|Botanical Nomenclature||Calendula officinalis|
|Common Name||Common Marigold, English Marigold, Garden Marigold, Pot Marigold, Ruddles, Scottish Marigold|
|Taxonomy- Family||Compositae or Asteraceae|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Calendula officinalis is an annual, herbaceous plant growing from 30 to 50cm, with lanceolate, pubescent, long, narrow-based and flat structured edges, green leaves and large, yellow, orange or red daisy-like flowers. The flowering and the harvesting take place from May to October|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Leaves, flowers|
|Active Substances||Essential oil which contains carotene, calendulin and lycopene (carotenoids), resins, saponins, bitter agents, flavonoids, sesquiterpene alcohols, pentacyclic alcohols (diols), alpha-cadinol, monoterpene hydrocarbons, carotenoids, resins, glycosides, sterols, pigments, vitamin A, C, calcium, silicon, calendulosid B.|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has anti-inflammatory, healing, antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, cholagogue, sudorific and emmenagogue properties. It is applied externally to the skin for the treatment of various skin problems, such as injuries, abscesses, acne, psoriasis, eczema, pruritus, sinusitis, phlebitis, sprains and varicose veins. It is recommended in the form of herbal tea against gingivitis, stomatitis, conjunctivitis, stomach and duodenal ulcer, cholelithiasis, dyspepsia and gonococcal leucorrhoea. Finally, it has been used as emmenagogue and in cases of late and painful menstrual.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered in the form of herbal tea (5g of dried herb in 100mL of boiled water for 5-10min, 3 times a day). It is applied externally to the skin in the form of cream, ointment and essential oil (5-10 drops in bath water). The Calendula tincture is used for patches impregnation, as well in the form of gargles against pharyngitis (1-2 spoons in half cup of water) and vaginal washes (2 spoons in 500mL of sterile water).
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||The use by people allergic to daisy may cause contact dermatitis and allergic reactions. Its external application may cause rashes.|
|References||1)http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Calendula+officinalis 2)http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-235-calendula.aspx?activeingredientid=235&activeingredientname=calendula 3)https://umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/herb/calendula 4)http://articles.mercola.com/herbal-oils/calendula-oil.aspx 5)http://www.herbwisdom.com/herb-marigold.html|