|Botanical Nomenclature||Lepidium sativum|
|Common Name||Cress, Garden Cress, Garden Pepper Cress, Mustard Cress, Pepper Grass, Pepperwort, Poor Man's Pepper|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Lepidium sativum is an annual or biennial plant growing up to 60cm, with smooth, lanceolate, pinnate leaves and small, white flowers. The flowering and the harvesting take place from June to August.|
|Region Found||Ioannina (Peristeri, Gramos)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||The whole plant|
|Active Substances||Essential oil (which contains a-terpineol, myrcene, menthone, b-phellandrene, sabinene, heptane, 1,8-cineole, limonene, borneol) glucotropeolin (glucoside), which hydrolyzed to a antibiotic product (benzene isothiocyanate), vitamin C, iodine, calcium , iron, folic acid, protein, amino acids, glutamic acid, leucine, methionine, fatty acids derivatives (linoleic acid, and erucic acid), imidazole alkaloids|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has appetizing, diuretic, abortive, tonic, antibiotic and aphrodisiac properties. The juice is applied externally to the skin for the treatment of blotches and freckles, as well against rheumatic pains and alopecia. Also, it is recommended in the form of herbal tea against catarrh, diabetes, dyspepsia, colic, anorexia and the reduced saliva secretion. Also, it has heating and calming properties, while finally it helps digestion and milk products absorption.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered in the form of herbal tea (a spoon of dried herb in a cup of boiled water for 5-10min, 3 times a day) and in the form of powdered dried seeds. Also, its consumption is recommended in diet as fresh salad or cooked.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||No side effects are reported.|
|References||1) http://glykanisos.gr/index.php?route=product/product&product_id=206 2)http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-453-garden%20cress.aspx?activeingredientid=453&activeingredientname=garden%20cress 3)http://easyayurveda.com/2015/03/20/garden-cress-lepidium-sativum-uses-side-effects-research/ 4)https://www.researchgate.net/publication/221793139_Pharmacological_Basis_for_the_Medicinal_Use_of_Lepidium_sativum_in_Airways_Disorders 5)http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2012/596524/|