|Botanical Nomenclature||Prunus armeniaca|
|Common Name||Ansu Apricot, Siberian Apricot, Tibetan Apricot|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Prunus armeniaca is an orchard, perennial, deciduous tree growing from 6 to 9m, with wide, oval or heart-shaped, with glossy upper surface, glandular leaves and white or pink flowers. The fruits are large and spherical, with yellow-orange bark and orange, compact, juicy, sweet flesh. The flowering lasts from March to April and the fruiting happens from July to September.|
|Region Found||Epirus (cultivated, not wild species)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Fruits, seeds|
|Active Substances||Amygdalin (up to 4.9%), cyanogenic glycosides, prunasin, mandelonitrile, fatty acids, sitosterols, vitamins, minerals, citric acid, tartaric acid, carotenoids, flavonoids, essential oil (which contains olein, linoleic acid glycerides, glucosides, amygdalin), carbohydrates, proteins, pectins.|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has analgesic, anthelmintic, antipyretic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antitussive, emollient, expectorant, laxative, soothing and healing properties. In folk medicine the herbal tea is recommended for the treatment of skin irritations and inflammations. The seeds have analgesic, antitussive and expectorant properties and they are used for the treatment of asthma, cough, acute or chronic bronchitis, fever and constipation. In some regions the herbal tea is recommended against gynecological disorders, skin hyperpigmentation, headache and rheumatic pain. The essential oil is applied externally to the skin as anti-inflammatory and analgesic, as well to the auricular cavity against inflammation and tinnitus.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered orally or applied externally to the skin in the form of herbal tea (a quantity of dried seeds in a cup of boiled water for 5-10min, 3 times a day). The essential oil made from the plant extract is applied externally to the skin and the auricular cavity.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||The leaves and the seeds contain cyanogenic glycosides, which have a characteristic taste. These substances are toxic due to their cyanide content. Small amounts of hydrogen cyanide stimulate respiration and improve digestion, while higher amounts (50g HCN) may cause respiratory failure and death caused by asphyxiation. Plant's consumption usually is non toxic, as small amounts of cyanide are contained.|
|References||1) https://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/a/apric050.html#con 2) http://www.med-health.net/Apricot-Seeds.html 3)http://www.naturalmedicinalherbs.net/herbs/p/prunus-armeniaca=apricot.php 4)http://herbalinformation.awardspace.com/?cm=p&fn=prunus_armeniaca 5) http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Prunus+armeniaca|