|Botanical Nomenclature||Acacia farnesiana|
|Common Name||Aroma Amarilla, Cascalotte, Casha, Cashia, Cassia, Cassie, Cushuh, Dead Finish, Ellington's Curse, Honey-Ball, Huisache, Huizache, Iron Wood, Mimosa Wattle, Needle Bush, Opoponax, Prickly Moses, Sashaw, Sassie-Flower, Sheep's Briar, Suntich, Sweet Acacia, Thorny Feather Wattle|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Acacia farnesiana is an evergreen or deciduous plant or tree growing from 2 to 3m, with composite, dipteroeidi leaves with small spines and small, yellow, orange or white flowers in spherical heads or cylindrical inflorescences (bunches). Acacia farnesiana secretes a characteristic natural gum called as 'gum arabic' or 'acacia gum', which is pathological and it is producted even when the plant grows under optimal culture conditions. The flowering lasts from February to March and the harvesting takes place from June to September.|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Flowers, bark, roots.|
|Active Substances||Tannins, catechins, flavonoids (quercetin), pigments, essential oil, resins, proteins, salicylic acid, vitamin C.|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has diuretic, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, antitussive, astringent, analgesic and emollient. It is administered for the treatment of various respiratory problems, against intense cough, indigestion, diarrhea and gastrointestinal disturbances. In folk medicine mainly in South America (Colombia) the herbal tea made from the bark is used for the treatment of typhoid, while in Nepal the herbal extract is used against peripheral edema. It is applied externally to the skin in the form of poultice and ointment against acute headaches (to forehead) and wounds. Finally, the infusion made from dried flowers it is administered against diarrhea, leucorrhoea, conjunctivitis and metrorrhagia.|
|Method of Administration||The whole plant is administered in the form of infusion (a spoon of dried flowers in a cup of boiling water for 10min, 1-2 times daily). It is applied externally to the skin in the form of poultice made from the fresh plant, essential oil and ointment.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||No side effects are reported.|
|References||1)http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Acacia+farnesiana 2)http://www.naturalmedicinalherbs.net/herbs/a/acacia-farnesiana=sweet-acacia.php 3)http://practicalplants.org/wiki/Acacia_farnesiana 4)http://www.ellinikabaharika.gr/%CF%84%CE%B1-%CF%80%CF%81%CE%BF%CF%8A%CF%8C%CE%BD%CF%84%CE%B1-%CE%BC%CE%B1%CF%82/40-%CE%A6%CE%B1%CF%81%CE%BC%CE%B1%CE%BA%CE%B5%CF%85%CF%84%CE%B9%CE%BA%CE%AC-%CF%86%CF%85%CF%84%CE%AC-Medicinal-plants/171-%CE%91%CE%BA%CE%B1%CE%BA%CE%AF%CE%B1-%CE%AC%CE%BD%CE%B8%CE%B7-(-Acaciae-rob-flores-)-(-Acacia-flowers-) 5)http://www.votana-olympos.gr/elaia-eisagogis/1001-gazia-elaio|