|Botanical Nomenclature||Baptisia tinctoria|
|Common Name||Horseflyweed, Wild Indigo, Wild-Indigo, Yellow False Indigo|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Baptisia tinctoria is a herbaceous, perennial plant growing up to 1m, with silver green, trilobal leaves, yellow, small, hermaphrodites flowers and black, lobar fruits. The flowering and the harvesting take place from July to August and the fruiting happens from August to October.|
|Region Found||Epirus (cultivated, not wild species)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Leaves, root|
|Active Substances||Alkaloids (baptisin, baptin, baptitoxin) glucosides, oleoresin|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has anti catarrhal, antimicrobial, antibacterial, antiseptic, laxative, cholagogue and laxative properties. It is recommended for the treatment of upper respiratory tract infections, runny nose, earache, rhinitis, laryngitis, tonsillitis and pharyngitis. It is used in the form of mouthwashes for the treatment of oral ulcers, gingivitis, pyorrhea, swelling and lymph nodes inflammations (lymphadenitis), as well as febrifuge. It is applied externally to the skin in the form of ointment against skin ulcers, as well in the form of vaginal washes (herbal tea) against leucorrhoea.|
|Method of Administration||It is adminstered in the form of herbal tea (a half spoon of dried herb in a cup of boiling water for 5-10min, 3 times a day) and tincture (1-2 ml, three times a day).
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||The whole plant is poisonous in large amounts. Eye irritation and dermatitis may be caused. Plant's consumption should be avoided from patients with gastrointestinal inflammation.|
|References||1) http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Baptisia+tinctoria 2) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22850071 3) http://www.henriettes-herb.com/eclectic/kings/baptisia.html 4) http://www.herbal-supplement-resource.com/wild-indigo-herb.html 5)http://7song.com/blog/2012/12/baptisia-tinctoria/|