|Botanical Nomenclature||Aloysia triphylla|
|Common Name||Lemon Beebrush, Lemon Verbena|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Aloysia triphylla is a deciduous perennial plant growing from 1 to 1,5m, with lanceolate, glandular, serrated or intact leaves in vertebrae of 3 or 4 and white, small flowers in axillary or apical trusses. The flowering and the harvesting take place in August and the fruiting lasts from September to October.|
|Region Found||Epirus (cultivated, not wild species)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Flowers, leaves, stems|
|Active Substances||Verbenalin, verbenin, essential oil, which contains neral, geranial (aldehydes), limonene, a-pinene (monoterpenoid), carvone, dipentene, linalol, terpineol, nerol and geraniol. Also the plant contains a bitter agent and a tannin, with unknown therapeutic properties.|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has sedative, antipyretic, anticonvulsant, sedative, antiseptic and diuretic properties. It is recommended for the treatment of fever, common cold, asthma, dyspepsia, diarrhea and bleeding. It is applied externally to the skin in the form of poultice against neuralgia, hemorrhoids, varicose veins, sciatica, headache and earache. It is administered in the form of infusion against kidney stones and heartburn, as well to enhance body's metabolism and to lose weight. The herbal tea is also used against insomnia caused by central nervous system fatigue. The essential oil has insecticide and bactericide actions.|
|Method of Administration||It is adminstered in the form of herbal tea (a spoon of dried herb in a cup of boiling water for 5-10min, 2 times a day) and infusion (a spoon of dried herb in a cup of boiling water for 5-10min, three times a day). It is applied externally to the skin as astringent and soothing in the form of poultice.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||Plant's consumption may cause skin irritation, while it's long-term consumption may cause gastric irritation. That is why after 2 or 3 weeks of continuous plant's administration, it is recommended to stopped its used for a week.|
|References||1) http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Aloysia+triphylla 2)http://www.ageless.co.za/lemon_verbena.htm 3) http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-632-lemon%20verbena.aspx?activeingredientid=632&activeingredientname=lemon%20verbena 4) https://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/v/verlem05.html 5) http://www.anniesremedy.com/herb_detail348.php|