|Botanical Nomenclature||Capsicum annuum|
|Common Name||Cayenne Pepper, Chili Pepper, Christmas Pepper, Ornamental Chili Pepper, Red Pepper, Sweet Pepper|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Capsicum annuum is an annual, herbaceous plant growing from 50 to 75cm. The shoots are tender as the plant is immature and then become woody. The light green leaves are small and the white flowers, grow either individually or in groups of 2 or 3. The green or yellow Peppers, which turn red or yellow after maturity, contain a lot of spores. The shape, which depends on species, is conical, long, spherical or tomato-like. The flowering lasts from July to September, while the fruiting happens from August to October.|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Flower, fruit, leaves|
|Active Substances||Capsaicin, alkaloids, fatty acids, flavonoids, carbohydrates, carotene, essential oil, vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B9, and C, fiber, folic acid, manganese, lutein, zeaxanthin, b-carotene, lycopene|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has anti-diarrheal, antibiotic, antirheumatic, antispasmodic, appetizing and salivating properties. The fruits are administered in small quantities as they have antirheumatic, antiseptic, sudorific, tonic and digestive actions. The herbal tea is recommended for the treatment of common cold, fever, sluggishness, phlebitis, asthma and digestive problems. It is applied externally to the skin against sprains, neuralgia and pleurisy. In folk medicine it is used against digestive and stomach disorders, intestinal gases, stomachache and diarrhea. It stimulates cardiovascular system, improves poor circulation, reduces high blood cholesterol levels, prevents from cardiovascular diseases and treats excessive blood clotting. Also it is administered against toothache, nausea, alcoholism, malaria, difficulty in swallowing, as well it is applied externally to the skin against osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and myalgia.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered in the form of herbal tea (a quantity of dried leaves and fruits in a cup of boiled water for 5-10min, 3 times a day) and infusion (a spoon of dried leaves and fruits in a cup of boiling water for 5-10min, three times a day). It is applied externally to the skin in the form of heating ointments (0.025-0.075% in capsaicin, 2-3 times a day), patches and sprays.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||Plant's consumption may cause severe irritation, after overuse or eye's contact. The juice may cause skin irritation. It should be avoided from patients who take monoamine oxidase inhibitors and antihypertensives.|
|References||1) http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Capsicum+annuum 2) http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-945-capsicum.aspx?activeingredientid=945&activeingredientname=capsicum 3) http://www.herbwisdom.com/herb-cayenne.html 4)http://www.anniesremedy.com/herb_detail122.php#Prep 5) http://www.ellinikabaharika.gr/%CF%84%CE%B1-%CF%80%CF%81%CE%BF%CF%8A%CF%8C%CE%BD%CF%84%CE%B1-%CE%BC%CE%B1%CF%82/35-%CE%9C%CF%80%CE%B1%CF%87%CE%B1%CF%81%CE%B9%CE%BA%CE%AC-Spices/530-%CE%9C%CF%80%CE%BF%CF%8D%CE%BA%CE%BF%CE%B2%CE%BF-%CE%B3%CE%BB%CF%85%CE%BA%CF%8C-extra-%CE%9A%CE%AF%CE%BD%CE%B1%CF%82-(-Capsicum-annuum-)-(-Peppers-sweet-crushed-) Go Back|