|Botanical Nomenclature||Citrus reticulate|
|Common Name||Mandarin Orange, Robson|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Citrus reticulate is a small, evergreen tree growing up to 4,5m, drought- tolerant and sensitive to cold, with thin, sometimes spiny branches, shiny, lanceolate leaves and small, white, fragrant flowers. The fruits (Tangerines/Mandarins), which look like oranges, are smaller, spherical, of oblate ellipsoidal shape, with fragrant peels, that easily unstuck and often contain a lot of pips. In hot climate and high humidity zones, the fruits are larger and more juicy. The fruiting happens from November to late February, while the greater efficiency is in January. The flowering lasts from March to April and the harvesting takes place in winter.|
|Region Found||Preveza, Arta|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Flower, fruit, bark|
|Active Substances||Essential oil, which contains thujone, a-pinene, b-pinene, camphene, citral, citronellal, g-terpinolene, geraniol, limonene, linalool, methyl anthranilate, myrcene, nerol, terpineol and sabinene. Vitamins A, B, C, E, flavonoids (naringenin, naringin, hesperetin, xanthine, lutein), carbohydrates (mainly glucose), coumarins (bergapten), bitter agents, minerals, trace elements (phosphorus, copper, manganese, calcium), proteins, carotenoids, fiber.|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has analgesic, anti-asthmatic, anticholesterolemic, antiemetic, anti-inflammatory, antiscorbutic, antiseptic, antitussive, aphrodisiac, astringent, expectorant and laxative properties. Due to its high content in vitamin C, it has a strong, natural antioxidant action and it is used to heal the wounds, to prevent neurodegenerative diseases, arthritis, fever and common cold, chronic diarrhea, colitis, diabete, typhoid fever, pleurisy and acute bronchitis. The essential oil of fruit's peel is used for the treatment of dyspepsia, bloating caused by food, nausea and vomiting. Also, it helps to reduce blood pressure, while in Asian folk medicine fruit's consumption is believed to reduce the incidence of liver cancer, heart diseases, strokes and diabetes. Finally, the seeds have analgesic properties and they are used for the treatment of hernia, backache, mastitis and testicular pain or swelling. The essential oil of the peel is used in perfumery and cosmetics, as aromatic, ton|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered in the form of herbal tea (6-9g of dried leaves and fruit's peel in 500mL of boiled water for 10min, 3 times a day) and infusion (a spoon of dried leaves in a cup of boiling water for 5min, three times a day). The essential oil is applied externally to the skin as soothing, astringent and anti-inflammatory and is often used as a component in cosmetics. The edible fruits are consumed either fresh or dried.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||No side effects are reported.|
|References||1)http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Citrus+reticulata 2)http://www.naturalmedicinalherbs.net/herbs/c/citrus-reticulata=mandarin.php 3)https://www.organicfacts.net/health-benefits/essential-oils/health-benefits-of-mandarin-essential-oil.html 4)http://www.naturalmedicinalherbs.net/herbs/c/citrus-reticulata=mandarin.php 5)http://www.herb.gr/index.php/catalog/product/view/id/708/s/mantarini/|