|Botanical Nomenclature||Celtis australis|
|Common Name||European Nettle Tree, Honeyberry, Lote Tree, Mediterranean Hackberry|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Celtis australis is a deciduous tree growing up to 25m, with smooth, gray bark, narrow, toothed, gray or green leaves, which in autumn turn yellow and small, green flowers with no petals. The fruits are small, dark purple berries, 1 cm wide hanging in short clusters. The flowering lasts from March to April and the fruiting happens from September to October.|
|Region Found||Epirus (Tzumerka)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Fruits, seeds, leaves, bark|
|Active Substances||The leaves mainly contain flavonoids, c-glucosidase, phenolic derivatives, caffeic acid, tannins, mucus|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The leaves and the fruits have astringent, emollient and hepatic properties. The herbal tea is recommended for the treatment of amenorrhea, heavy menstrual bleeding and colics. Also, it is applied externally to the skin and mucosa as astringent and it is administered orally for the treatment of diarrhea, dysentery and peptic ulcers. The bark of the plant produces a yellow pigment. Its wood is very tough, pliable, durable and it is used for handles' of agricultural implements construction. Some civilizations use the wood to construct local musical instruments and fishing rods, as well as an excellent fuel material. Finally, the flexible, thin shoots are used for walking sticks production.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered either orally or applied externally to the skin, in the form of herbal tea (a spoon of dried leaves and fruits in a cup of boiled water for 5-10min, 3 times a day). The fruits are edible and their consumption is recommended for their astringent properties.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||No side effects are reported.|
|References||1) http://botanakaiygeia.blogspot.com/2013/11/keltis.html 2) http://www.reherb.eu/el/content/celtis-australis 3) http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Celtis+australis 4) http://www.naturalmedicinalherbs.net/herbs/c/celtis-australis=nettle-tree.php 5) http://practicalplants.org/wiki/Celtis_australis|