|Botanical Nomenclature||Rubus fruticosus|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Rubus fruticosus is an annual or perennial furze growing up to 5m, with palmate leaves, red-black fruits and small, white or pink flowers. The flowering lasts from June to August and the harvesting of the root and the leaves takes place in spring, while that of the fruits takes place from September to October.|
|Region Found||Ioannina (Pindos, Smolikas, Metsovo)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Roots, leaves, seed, young shoots|
|Active Substances||Fragkarine, inosine, tannins, polypeptides, vitamin A, B, C, E, minerals, organic acids (citric, malic acid), invert sugar, minerals, essential oil|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has appetizing, laxative, antidiarrhoeal, antitussive, tonic, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, hemostatic and astringent properties (mouth, throat, pharynx, gums). Also, it is recommended for the treatment of diarrhea, dysentery, cholera, cystitis, hemorrhoids, gastritis and gastrointestinal bleeding. Plant's infusion may increase the intestinal peristalsis and it is used to improve the digestion.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered in the form of herbal tea (a spoon of dried leaves in a cup of boiled water, three times a day), which is recommended against sore throats by gargling. Also, it is administered in the form of infusion (a spoon of dried leaves in a cup of boiling water) and syrup as antidiarrheal.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||No side effects are reported.|
|References||1) Bιβλίο: Τα φαρμακευτικά βότανα και οι θεραπευτικές τους ιδιότητες, Λάμπρου Π. Σπύρου, Αγροτικός εκδοτικός οίκος, Αθήνα 1981, A' τόμος, σελίδες: 141-142 2) Βιβλίο: Οδηγός των φαρμακευτικών φυτών, Paul Schauenberg, Ferdinand Paris, Εκδότης Μ. Γκιούρδας, Αθήνα 1981, σελίδες 208-209, 3) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4127818/ 4)file:///C:/Users/User/Downloads/molecules-19-10998-v2.pdf 5)http://tryonfarm.org/share/node/308 6)http://www.phcogrev.com/article.asp?issn=0973-7847;year=2014;volume=8;issue=16;spage=101;epage=104;aulast=Verma|