|Botanical Nomenclature||Drimia maritima or Urginea maritima|
|Common Name||Maritime Squill, Red Squill, Sea Onion, Sea Squill, Squill|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Drimia maritima is a perennial bulbous plant growing from 0,5 to 1m, with fibrous roots, large, spherical bulbs, lanceolate, pointed, wavy, dark green, smooth leaves and many white-green, with pink streaks, hermaphrodites flowers in inflorescences. The flowering lasts from September to October, while the leaves are formed in October.|
|Region Found||Epirus (Pindos)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Bulbs|
|Active Substances||Flavonoids, terpenes, cardiac glycosides (bufadienolide), carbohydrates, mucus.|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The bulbs have antiarrhythmic, cardiotonic, diuretic, emetic and expectorant properties. They are recommended in the form of herbal tea for the treatment of bronchitis, bronchial asthma, cough, dropsy and congestive heart failure. It is applied externally to the scalp against oily dandruff and seborrhea. In folk medicine the bulbs are also used for their repellent properties.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered, either orally or applied externally to the skin, in the form of herbal tea (0,1g of dried bulb in a cup of boiled water for 5-10min, 3 times a day).
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||The plant is poisonous when it is administered in high doses, while fresh plant's juice may cause pustules after contact|
|References||1) http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Urginea+maritima 2)https://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/s/squill86.html#con 3) http://reherb.eu/el/node/324 4) http://greekflora.gr/el/flowers/0583/Drimia-numidica 5) http://www.kew.org/science-conservation/plants-fungi/drimia-maritima-maritime-squill|