|Botanical Nomenclature||Hippophae rhamnoides|
|Common Name||Common Sea Buckthorn|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Hippophae rhamnoides is a spiny, deciduous plant growing from 1 to 3m, or in some areas it can be up to 6-10m. The branches are brown, dense, stiff, with many sharp thorns, the leaves are narrow, lanceolate, with silvery-green upper faces and the flowers are small, dioecious, brown-green. The yellow or orange fruits (berries) are produced solely via wind pollination. The flowering lasts from April to May and the harvesting takes place from September to October.|
|Region Found||Epirus (cultivated, not wild species)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||The whole plant, especially the fruits|
|Active Substances||Vitamin C, D, K, B, E, D, minerals (calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, copper, potassium, selenium, zinc), carotenoids (b-carotene, lycopene, a-carotene, zeaxanthin, lutein), polyunsaturated fatty acids, omega-3 (linolenic acid), omega-6 (linoleic acid), omega-7 (palmitoleic acid) and omega-9 (oleic acid), b-sitosterol, flavonoids, tannins|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has astringent, tonic, anthelmintic, cardiotonic and antioxidant properties. Also it is administered in the form of herbal tea, which stimulates cardiovascular system and it is used for the treatment of various cardiac disorders. It is applied externally to the skin against burns, eczema and wounds. It is orally administered against gastric and intestinal diseases, common cold, fever and overwork. A lot of studies are conducted to prove that plant's extract reduces cancer incidence rate and inhibits mutations. Fruits juice is used as an ingredient in facial creams and toothpastes, while plant's extract is recommended in the form of washes against skin irritations or wounds.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered in the form of herbal tea (4-5 of dried fruits in a cup of boiled water for 5-10min, 3 times a day) and in the form of infusion (a spoon of dried fruits in a cup of boiling water for 5-10min, three times a day). The plant is often used as an ingredient in facial creams and toothpastes.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||No side effects are reported.|
|References||1) http://www.pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?LatinName=Hippophae+rhamnoides 2)http://www.seabuckthorn.com/medicinal%20and%20therapeutic%20potential%20of%20sbt.pdf 3)http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21963559 4)http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3317027/ 5)http://naturalingredient.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/anticarcinogenic-potential-HR.pdf|