|Botanical Nomenclature||Trigonella foenum-graecum|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Trigonella foenum-graecum is an annual plant growing from 10 to 50cm, with trifoliate, wavy, green leaves and white, yellow, white, purple-based flowers, which develop in the upper leaf axil. The stems are odorous and edible. The flowering lasts from June to August and the fruiting happens from August to October.|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Seeds, aboveground plant parts|
|Active Substances||Coumarin, which gives off a characteristic odor. Galactomannan (30%), flavonoids (b-carotene, diosgenin, kaempherol, luteolin, p-coumaric acid, quercetin, rutin, vitexin), saponin (glycosides), trigonelline, cholinine, lecithin, essential oil, proteins, tannins, b-sitosterol, vitamins A, B and C, amino acids, calcium, fatty acids, folic acid, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, zinc.|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has expectorant, emollient, tonic and galaktagogo properties. It is used to treat and reduce inflammation, wounds, boil, fistula and tumor. It is administered for the treatment of bronchitis, sinusitis and sore throats in the form of gargles. Also, it has appetizing and digestive properties due to its bitter taste, as well it reduces blood sugar levels. It is safely recommended to breastfeeding mothers, as it promotes milk's production by the mammary glands. In homeopathy it is used as laxative and against fever, inflammation and lung disorders. In folk medicine it is administered to reduce cholesterol and blood sugar levels, as well to reduce mucus hypersecretion in patients with under-treated asthma.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered in the form of herbal tea (a half spoon of dried herb in a cup of boiled water for 10min, up to 3 times a day). It is recommended for the treatment of reproductive system diseases and to patients with physical and mental tiredness in the form of tincture (1-2 ml, 3 times a day).
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||Overdose may cause intestinal disorders (colic or diarrhea), which will gradually subside as the dose returns to the normal range. The contained saponins are not toxic for humans as they cannot be absorbed, however they may cause toxicity to fish, constituting an immediate danger to human health through the food chain|
|References||1) http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Trigonella+foenum-graecum 2) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24102093 3)http://www.ijera.com/papers/vol%201%20issue%201/011032035E.pdf 4) http://ajpcr.com/Vol2Issue4/210.pdf 5) http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-733-fenugreek.aspx?activeingredientid=733&activeingredientname=fenugreek|