|Botanical Nomenclature||Sorghum halepense|
|Common Name||Johnson Grass, Johnsongrass|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Sorghum halepense is a perennial, herbaceous plant growing from 0,5 to 4,5m, with broad, flat leaves and small, hermaphrodite flowers in characteristic, dense, apical inflorescences (Panicle). The plant has lateral shoots, which grow after the flowering, that lasts from August to October. The fruiting happens from September to October.|
|Region Found||Epirus (cultivated, not wild species)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Fruits|
|Active Substances||Proteins, fats, omega-3 fatty acids, dietary fibers, carbohydrates, cyanogenic glycosides, b-amyrin, cellulose, carotenoids, calcium, iron, vitamin B1, B2, B3, nicotinic acid, palmitic, stearic, oleic and linoleic acid.|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has emollient, diuretic and tonic properties. In folk medicine it is recommended for the treatment of urinary tract disorders. In Nigeria it is used as soothing, mucolytic, digestive, diuretic, as well against stomach pain, epilepsy and diarrhea. in India it is administered as anthelmintic and insecticide, while in Brazil it is recommended against respiratory (bronchitis, cough), nephrological and urinary problems. Nowadays, a lot of studies are conducted to prove the possible use of the herbal extract to the treatment of anemia, liver's protection and immune system stimulation, especially in people with HIV infection.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered in folk medicine as soothing and diuretic in the form of infusion (a spoon of dried herb in boiling water for 15min, 2-3 times a day).
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||Plant's consumption may cause hay fever and poisoning, due to the contained cyanide.|
|References||1) http://www.naturalmedicinalherbs.net/herbs/s/sorghum-halepense=johnson-grass.php 2) http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Sorghum+halepense 3) https://hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/duke_energy/Sorghum_halepense.html#Toxicity 4) http://herbs-treatandtaste.blogspot.gr/2011/07/what-is-sorghum-jawar-history-health.html 5) http://practicalplants.org/wiki/Sorghum_halepense|