|Botanical Nomenclature||Ornithogalum umbellatum|
|Common Name||Eleven-O'Clock Lady, Garden Star-Of-Bethlehem, Grass Lily, Nap-At-Noon|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Ornithogalum umbellatum is a short, bulbous plant growing from 0,2 to 0,3m, with tough, stiff, green, lanceolate, oblong leaves and white, star-shaped, green spotted flowers. The common name of the plant, 'Star of Bethlehem', is based on its star-shaped flowers and refered to the Star of Bethlehem that appeared in the biblical account of Jesus birth. The flowering lasts from April to May and the fruiting happens from June to July.|
|Region Found||Epirus (cultivated, not wild species)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Flowers, leaves|
|Active Substances||Cardiac monoglycosides, diglycoside and triglycosides (phenyl-sitosterole), alkaloids, carotenoids, rhamnose, flavonoids, phytosterols, isoflavones, calcium oxalate crystals|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||In herbal medicine, plant's extract (Bach Flower Remedies) is used as sedative, for the treatment of nervous breakdown, suicidal behavior in people with depression or sadness and intestinal disorders (gases). It is applied externally to the skin against ulcers and blisters. Nowadays, the plant is not used in allopathic medicine. In folk medicine it is used to improve cardiac function and treat pulmonary edema and fluid retention, especially against leg swelling.|
|Method of Administration||Nowadays, the plant is not recommended in allopathic medicine. In homeopathy and herbal medicine it is administered in the form of 'Bach Flower Remedies'.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||The whole plant is poisonous and its consumption may cause skin irritation, nausea, salivation, vomiting, diarrhea, dyspnea (shortness of breath), pain, swelling of lips, tongue and throat|
|References||1) https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/all/ornithogalum-umbellatum-o-thrysoides/ 2)https://herberowe.wordpress.com/2011/04/20/star-of-bethlehem-ornithogalum-umbellatum-2/ 3)http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Ornithogalum+umbellatum 4)http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1826121/?page=1 5) http://www.valentine.gr/linkOfTheMonth_gr-november2005.php|