|Botanical Nomenclature||Xanthium strumarium|
|Common Name||Clotbur, Common Cocklebur, Large Cocklebur, Rough Cocklebur, Woolgarie Bur|
|Taxonomy- Family||Compositae or Asteraceae|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Xanthium strumarium is an annual plant growing from 0,4 to 0,8m, with petiolate, oval, cardioid leaves, brown, oval fruits which are surrounded by many thin, hooked spines. The hermaphrodites flowers, from which are produced plant's fruits, are small, green in inflorescences. The flowering takes place from July to October and the fruiting happens from August to October.|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Leaves, fruits, root|
|Active Substances||Sesquiterpene lactones, glycosides, phenols, phytosterols, xanthostrumarin, resins, essential oil, alkaloids, organic acid, vitamin C, alcohols|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has analgesic, antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antimitotic, antirheumatic, spasmolytic, sudorific, diuretic, emollient, antipyretic and laxative properties. The infusion has been used for the treatment of rheumatism, renal diseases, cough, tuberculosis, allergic rhinitis, sinusitis, runny nose, diarrhea and low back pain. The herbal tea is recommended for the treatment of fever and bladder disorders. It is applied externally to the skin in the form of poultice and ointment to heal the wounds, and as antipruritic.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered in the form of infusion (a spoon of dried herb in warm water for 15min, 3 times a day) and in the form of herbal tea (a spoon of dried herb in a cup of boiled water for 10min, 3 times a day). It is applied externally to the skin for the healing and soothing in the form of poultice, made from fresh plant, as well as an ingredient in ointments.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||The whole plant is toxic, especially the fruits, which contain a lot of toxins.|
|References||1) http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Xanthium+strumarium 2) http://medicinalherbinfo.org/herbs/Cocklebur1.html 3)http://www.greenpharmacy.info/article.asp?issn=0973-8258;year=2010;volume=4;issue=3;spage=129;epage=139;aulast=Kamboj 4) http://www.scielo.br/pdf/rbpm/v11n2/a08v11n2 5)http://www.naturalmedicinalherbs.net/herbs/x/xanthium-strumarium=cocklebur.php|