|Botanical Nomenclature||Artemisia dracunculus|
|Common Name||Estragon, Tarragon|
|Taxonomy- Family||Compositae or Asteraceae|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Artemisia dracunculus is a herbaceous perennial plant growing from 80 to 120cm, with sessile, lanceolate, smooth lips, green, glossy leaves, small, yellow flowers in inflorescence (spherical panicle) and edible fruits (achenes). The flowering lasts from June to August and the harvesting takes place after the first blooming.|
|Region Found||Epirus (cultivated, not wild species)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Leaves, stem|
|Active Substances||Vitamins A, C, iodine, potassium, flavonoids (quercetin, patuletin), essential oil which contains estragole, sabinene, methyl eugenol, elemicin, isoelemicin, b-ocimene.|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The plant has diuretic, emmenagogue, antipyretic, hypnotic and anthelmintic properties. It is used for the treatment of dyspepsia, toothache, abdominal bloating, nausea, flatulence and long-term hiccups. Also, it has sedative action against mild sleeping problems. It is applied externally to the skin in the form of poultice for the treatment of rheumatism, arthritis, gout and toothache. Finally, in folk medicine it is used as orexigenic and ascorbic.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered as diuretic, emmenagogue and soothing in the form of infusion (half spoon of dried herb in boiling water for 15min, a cup every evening one hour before sleeping). It is applied externally to the skin in the form of poultice made from the fresh leaves.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||Contact dermatitis or allergic reaction may be caused. Plant's consumption must be avoided during pregnancy.|
|References||1)http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Artemisia+dracunculus 2)https://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/t/tarrag07.html 3)http://www.nutrition-and-you.com/tarragon-herb.html 4)http://www.herb.gr/index.php/catalog/product/view/id/641/s/estragon/category/11/ 5)http://www.reherb.eu/el/content/artemisia-dracunculus|