|Botanical Nomenclature||Lavandula stoechas|
|Common Name||French Lavender, Spanish Lavender, Topped Lavender|
|Taxonomy- Family||Lamiaceae or Labiatae|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Lavandula stoechas is a perennial plant growing up to 100cm, with linear, gray leaves, which tend to fold in the middle and bilabiate (two-lipped), violet, hermaphrodite flowers in dense inflorescences (bunches). The flowering and the harvesting take place from May to June.|
|Region Found||Epirus (cultivated, not wild species)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Leaves, flowers|
|Active Substances||Essential oil, which contains linalyl and geranyl butyrate and valerate ethers, geraniol, quinol, linalool, cineole, D-borneole, L pinene, caryophyllene. Coumarins and tannins|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The plant has antiseptic, bactericidal, analgesic, emmenagogue, sedative, spasmolytic, hypotensive, expectorant, sudorific, cholagogue, antirheumatic and anthelmintic properties. It is recommended against neurasthenia, nausea, muscle spasms, insomnia, asthma, influenza, bronchitis, whooping cough (pertussis) and tuberculosis. In folk medicine it is used for the treatment of snakes' and insects' bites. The flowers' extract is administered against mental breakdown, headaches, migraines, colics and dyspepsia. Finally, it is applied externally to the skin to heal wounds, eczema, burns, acne, dermatitis, scabies and alopecia.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered in the form of herbal tea (two spoons of dried flowers and leaves in a cup of boiled water for 15min, 3 times a day) and infusion (two spoons of dried leaves in a cup of boiling water for 10min, 3 times a day). The essential oil is used as a component in creams, lotions and massage rubbing oils (1ml of plant's essential oil in 25ml of oil base). Finally, it is administered in the form of tincture (5ml twice a day).
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||High doses of the plant are avoided during pregnancy. Also, large doses may be irritant, especially in cases of abdominal sensitivity. Finally, large doses of the essential oil may have narcotic properties and lead to death, that is why oral administration should be avoided.|
|References||1)http://www.agriamanitaria.gr/?gallery=%CE%AC%CE%B3%CF%81%CE%B9%CE%B1-%CE%BB%CE%B5%CE%B2%CE%AC%CE%BD%CF%84%CE%B1-lavandula-stoechas 2)http://www.herb.gr/index.php/catalog/product/view/id/921/s/agriolevanta/ 3)http://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/l/lavend13.html 4)http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Lavandula+stoechas 5)http://www.drugs.com/npp/lavender.html|