|Botanical Nomenclature||Lavandula angustifolia|
|Common Name||English Lavender, Garden Lavender, Narrow-Leaved Lavender, True Lavender|
|Taxonomy- Family||Lamiaceae or Labiatae|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Lavandula angustifolia is a perennial plant growing from 0,3 to 1,2m, with gray-green, narrow, lanceolate, opposite leaves and small, purple, fragrant, hermaphrodite flowers in inflorescences (bunches). The plant is spherical and dense. The flowering and the harvesting take place from May to September, while the fruiting happens from August to October.|
|Region Found||Epirus (cultivated, not wild species)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Leaves, flowers|
|Active Substances||Essential oil, which contains linalyl acetate, terpinenol, cineol, camphor, borneol, pinene, limonene. Tannins, coumarins (coumarin, umbelliferone), flavonoids, triterpenoids, rosmarinic acid|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The plant has antiseptic, antispasmodic, appetizing, cholagogue, diuretic, soothing, sedative, tonic and anxiolytic properties. The herbal tea is recommended for the treatment of dyspepsia, cough, asthma, pertussis, influenza and laryngitis. Lavender is used as antispasmodic and to relieve neuropathic abdominal pain. It is administered against insomnia, stress, migraines and headaches, while in folk medicine it is also recommended to control blood pressure. Finally, it is applied externally to the skin against acne, burns, wounds and skin lesions.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered as sedative and antispasmodic in the form of herbal tea (a spoon of dried herb in a cup of boiled water for 10min, 2-3 times a day), infusion (a spoon of dried herb in boiling water for 10min, 3 times day) and in the form of tincture. In cosmetology it is applied externally to the skin, as an ingredient in creams, ointments and lotions.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||Plant's oral administration may cause constipation and headache, while its external application may occur skin irritation.|
|References||1)http://back-to-nature.gr/2013/01/blog-post_5294.html 2)http://www.filenades.gr/ViewArticle.aspx?Id=2538 3)http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-838-lavender.aspx?activeingredientid=838&activeingredientname=lavender 4) http://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/l/lavend13.html#pre 5) https://umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/herb/lavender|