|Botanical Nomenclature||Echinacea Purpurea|
|Common Name||Eastern Purple Coneflower, Purple Coneflower|
|Taxonomy- Family||Compositae or Asteraceae|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Echinacea purpurea is a perennial plant, growing up to 1,8m with oval or lanceolate, green leaves, large, purple, pink or white flowers, which look like daisies and palisade, spindle-shaped root (underground stems). The achene is the typical fruit of the plant (small, dry, with thin pericarps). The flowering and the harvesting take place from July to August.|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Root, leaves, flowers|
|Active Substances||Glycosides, amides, antibiotics, essential oil, polyaketylen, inulin, fatty acids, iron, protein, flavonoids, tannins, vitamins A, C, E|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The plant has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, immune stimulant, emetogenic, antiviral, antispasmodic and healing properties. Echinacea purpurea is one of the most important medicinal herbs which is used to prevent and treat bacterial and viral infections. It is recommended against upper respiratory tract infection (laryngitis, tonsillitis), runny nose, acute bronchitis, common cold, otitis media (OM), sinusitis, swimmer's ear (otitis externa), bursitis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and vaginitis. It is applied externally to the skin for the treatment of various skin problems such as acne, furuncles, sepsis, burns, dermatitis and insect bites.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered in the form of tincture (1-4 ml three times a day) and in the form of herbal tea (one or two spoons of dried herb in a cup of boiled water for 10-15min, 2-3 times a day). It is used to prevent from infections in the form of capsules (3 capsules a day for two weeks before eating, each capsule contains 200mg of plant's extract). The dosage of the plant must be adjusted according to the child's age.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||Plant's consumption may cause allergic reactions in children and adults (cross reaction with Ragweed, Calendula and Daisies). It is not recommended to patients who take immunosuppressive drugs, such as prednisolone, azathioprine, chlorambucil, cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, etc.due to the possible drug interactions.|
|References||1) http://www.herb.gr/index.php/catalog/product/view/id/160/s/echinacea/category/11/ 2) http://www.herbwisdom.com/herb-echinacea.html 3)https://umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/herb/echinacea 4) http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-981-echinacea.aspx?activeingredientid=981&activeingredientname=echinacea 5) http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Echinacea+purpurea|