|Botanical Nomenclature||Alkanna tinctoria|
|Common Name||Dyer's Alkanet|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Alkanna tinctoria is a biennial or perennial plant growing up to 50cm, with hairy, elongate leaves, blue-purple or yellow, hermaphrodite flowers. The root is too large compared to plant's size and its bark produces a red dye. The flowering and the harvesting take place in June.|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Leaves, root|
|Active Substances||Alkannin, an enantiomeric naphthoquinone of shikonin. B-dimethylacrylic acid, b-acetoxy-isovaleric acid, isovaleric acid, angelic acid and pigments|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has antimicrobial (against Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis), antiinflammatory, antipruritic, astringent, healing and antineoplastic properties. It is recommended for the treatment of gastric ulcers, hemorrhoids, cough and runny nose. It is applied externally to the skin against various skin diseases, varicose veins, wounds, itching, rashes, wounds and burns.|
|Method of Administration||It is applied externally to the skin as astringent and healing in the form of ointment and oily extract. First-degree burns treatment lasts from 4 to 7 days, while the treatment of second-degree ones lasts from 3 to 4 weaks.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||The possible long-term side effects of Alkanna tinctoria are hepatotoxicity and carcinogenicity. Its oral administration is not recommended.|
|References||1)http://www.pharmacysab.gr/el/content/enimerosi-gia-elaiodes-ekhylisma-tis-alkanna-tinctoria-root 2)http://health.in.gr/body/news/article/?aid=1231321523 3)https://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/a/alkan024.html 4) http://www.drugs.com/npp/alkanna-root.html 5) http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-606-alkanna.aspx?activeingredientid=606&activeingredientname=alkanna 6) http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Alkanna+tinctoria|