|Botanical Nomenclature||Euonymus europaeus|
|Common Name||European Spindle, Spindle|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Euonymus europaeus is a deciduous, small tree growing from 2 to 4m, with lanceolate, toothed leaves, small, green flowers and red fruits. The flowering lasts from May to June and the harvesting takes place from September to November|
|Region Found||Epirus (Gramos)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||The whole plant|
|Active Substances||Euonoside, rhamnoside, digitoxigenin (heteroside), bitter agents, physalien (vegetable dyes), esters, starch, glucose, pectin, resins, fats, asparagine, essential oil, malic acid, citric acid, tartaric acid, euonic acid, minerals|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has insecticidal, fungicidal, cholagogue, laxative, diuretic, emetic, expectorant and tonic properties. It is recommended for the treatment of dyspepsia, liver failure, constipation, dropsy and various lung diseases. It is applied externally to the skin against mites, head and pubic lice and other skin parasites|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered against dyspepsia in the form of herbal extract (immersing 5 to 15 grains in boiled water for 1-2 hours, 2-3 times a day) and tincture (2: 1 parts of dried plant and ethyl alcohol 76%, 5 -10 drops daily), which is applied externally to the skin.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||The whole plant is poisonous.|
|References||1) http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Euonymus+europaeus 2)http://www.henriettes-herb.com/eclectic/kings/euonymus.html 3) https://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/s/spindl82.html#con 4) http://www.naturalmedicinalherbs.net/herbs/e/euonymus-europaeus=spindle-tree.php 5) http://practicalplants.org/wiki/Euonymus_europaeus|