|Botanical Nomenclature||Pinus sylvestris|
|Common Name||Scotch Pine|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Pinus silvestris is an evergreen tree growing from 10 to 30m, with glossy, green leaves (needles) red (female) and yellow (male) flowers and oval fruits. The blooming lasts from March to June and the harvesting of resin takes place from March to November.|
|Region Found||Ioannina (Metsovo, Pindos, Smolikas, Vikos-Aoos)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Resin (viscous, sticky, colorless liquid produced by the vessels and secreted by the tree slots)|
|Active Substances||Essential oil (pinene, limonene, carene), turpentine, rosin (resin), glycosides (pinikrine, pikeine)|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has diuretic properties. It is recommended in homeopathy for the treatment of rheumatism, bronchitis, cough, pneumonia, diseases of the urinary tract and nephritis. However, nowadays the liquid distillate of the plant's resin is mainly used in the pharmaceutical industry, for the production of cosmetics and medicines (turpentine), while the solid distillate (rosin) is usede for the production of patches, preservatives, flavors, colors, emulsions, artificial teeth etc.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered in the form of herbal tea (30-40g of dried herb in a 1l of boiled water, 3-4 cups daily). In homeopathy it is also administered externally in the form of oil.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||No side effects are reported.|
|References||1) Bιβλίο: Τα φαρμακευτικά βότανα και οι θεραπευτικές τους ιδιότητες, Λάμπρου Π. Σπύρου, Αγροτικός εκδοτικός οίκος, Αθήνα 1981, Β' τόμος, σελίδες: 419-421 2) Βιβλίο: Οδηγός των φαρμακευτικών φυτών, Paul Schauenberg, Ferdinand Paris, Εκδότης Μ. Γκιούρδας, Αθήνα 1981, σελίδες 312, 3)http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Pinus+sylvestris 4)http://www.naturalmedicinalherbs.net/herbs/p/pinus-sylvestris=scot's-pine.php 5)http://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/p/pine--34.html 6)http://health-from-nature.net/Scots_Pine.html|