|Botanical Nomenclature||Pyrus communis|
|Common Name||Common Pear, European Pear|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Pyrus communis is a deciduous, orchard tree growing from 8 to 10m, with oval, smooth, green, heart-shaped leaves, red flowers in bunches and small, green or brown fruits. The flowering lasts from March to April and the fruiting takes place in autumn|
|Region Found||Epirus (Pindos, Gramos)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Leaves, root, fruits|
|Active Substances||Vitamin C, A, K, B (folic acid, riboflavin, pyridoxine), arbutin (leaves), phlorizin (root), minerals (copper, iron, potassium, manganese, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, calcium), phenols , beta-carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin, lignin, pectin (fruit)|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The herbal tea is administered as diuretic against nephrolithiasis, gallstones, cystitis and various diseases of bladder and urethra. It is used as laxative to treat constipation, as well as immune stimulant. In folk medicine it is recommended for the treatment of hematuria, anemia, hypertension, rheumatism and fever. Finally, it has analgesic properties, especially against headache and the pain caused by snake or scorpion bites.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered as diuretic in the form of herbal tea (300g of dried root in 1L of boiled water, twice a day before eating). It is applied externally to the skin as sedative in the form of poultice made from the fresh plant.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||No side effects have been reported.|
|References||1) http://www.botanical-online.com/medicinalspyruscomunnisangles.htm 2)http://www.pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?LatinName=Pyrus+communis 3)http://www.phytojournal.com/vol1Issue2/Issue_july_2012/4.4.pdf 4)http://www.herbazest.com/herbs/pear 5)http://www.jpsionline.com/admin/php/uploads/316_pdf.pdf|