|Botanical Nomenclature||Sorbus aria|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Sorbus aria is a deciduous shrub or tree growing from 6 to 8m, with oval, wavy, plush, green above and white below leaves, white flowers in inflorescences (corymbs) and spherical, purple fruits. The flowering lasts from May to June and the fruiting takes place in September|
|Region Found||Ioannina (Gramos, Smolikas, Pindos, Vikos-Aoos, Peristeri, Monodendri), Arta (Tzoumerka)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||The whole plant, fruits|
|Active Substances||Parasorbic acid, malic acid, sorbitan acid, pectin, carotenoids, vitamin C, carbohydrates (4-13%), tannins (14%)|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The herbal tea is used in folk medicine as antidiarrheal, laxative, emmenagogue, diuretic, antitussive as well against renal colics. It is recommended against abnormalities of the cardiovascular system especially during menopausal symptoms and for the treatment of varicose veins. The plant contains the carbohydrate sorbose, which is used in diabetic patients as a substitude of sacharose and it has also been administered intravenously to reduce intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with glaucoma.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered as diuretic and emmenagogue in the form of herbal tea (a quantity of dried herb in a cup of boiled water, 2-3 times a day) and in the form of syrup made from the fruits.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||Although low doses of the herbal extract stimulate respiration and improve digestion, overdose can cause vomiting, respiratory failure and even death.|
|References||1)http://www.henriettes-herb.com/eclectic/kings/sorbus.html 2)http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-571-mountain%20ash.aspx?activeingredientid=571&activeingredientname=mountain%20ash 3)https://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/a/ashmo076.html#med 4)http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Sorbus+aucuparia 5)http://tcpermaculture.com/site/2013/07/03/permaculture-plants-sorbus-species/|