|Botanical Nomenclature||Cytisus scoparius|
|Common Name||Common Broom, Scotch Broom|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Cytisus scoparius is an evergreen, deciduous shrub growing up to 6m, with small, lanceolate or trifoliate, green leaves and large, numerous, yellow flowers. The flowering and the harvesting take place from May to June|
|Region Found||Ioannina (Smolikas, Metsovo, Pindos, Gramos)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Seeds|
|Active Substances||Sparteine (alkaloid) scoparoside (flavonoid), aromatic amines, essential oil, tannins, fats, carbohydrates|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The plant extract is used as cardio against cardiac failure, bradycardia and cardiac arrhythmias, as well as vasodilator and diuretic against ascites, nephritis and edema caused by renal failure. Finally, it is administered during childbirth, due to the contained sparteine which induces labor. In folk medicine it is used as antidote against bites or snakes bites.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered as cardio and diuretic in the form of herbal plant (some drops a day), in the form of infusion (1-4g of dried plant in a cup of boiling water, 2-3 times a day, which is equal to 30mg of sparteine) as well in the form of ethereal oil.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||The whole plant is toxic. Its consumption may cause headache, mucosal irritation, hypertension, tachycardia, epigastric pain, diarrhea. The plant must be avoided from pregnant women and patients who suffer from hypertension.|
|References||1) http://paidiatros.blog.com/?page_id=241 2)http://botanologio.com/poisonous-plants-herbs-part1/ 3)https://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/b/broom-70.html#con 4)http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-375-scotch%20broom.aspx?activeingredientid=375&activeingredientname=scotch%20broom 5)http://www.drugs.com/npp/broom.html|