|Botanical Nomenclature||Helianthus anuus|
|Common Name||Common Sunflower|
|Taxonomy- Family||Compositae or Asteraceae|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Helianthus anuus is an annual plant growing up to 3,5m, with heart-shaped leaves and yellow flowers in big inflorescences. The flowering and the harvesting take place from July to September|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Flowers, seeds|
|Active Substances||Quercimetrin (flavonic glycoside), histidine, proteins, albumin, essential oil, cellulose, tannin, methionine, minerals (calcium, magnesium, iron, potassium, phosphorus, selenium, zinc), vitamin A, B, C, E, K, niacin, alpha-pinene, alpha-terpinenio, alpha-terpineol, arginine, beta-carotene, beta-sitosterol, chlorogenic acid, choline, cinnamic acid, citric acid|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The herbal tea is used as anti-rheumatic, diuretic, expectorant, antipyretic and astringent. It is applied externally to the skin in the form of poultice made from the fresh leaves for the treatment of edema, insects' and snakes' bites. Also, it is administered against malaria, lung diseases, kidney stones, gallstones, rheumatoid arthritis, cough, common cold and bronchitis.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered in the form of herbal tea (2-3 spoons of dried herb in a cup of boiled water, 2-3 times a day). It is applied externally to the skin as anti-inflammatory in the form of poultice made from the fresh leaves.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||No side effects have been reported. Plant's consumption may cause allergic reactions, due to the plant pollen.|
|References||1) http://www.valentine.gr/linkOfTheMonth_gr-july2001.php 2)http://www.naturalmedicinalherbs.net/herbs/h/helianthus-annuus=sunflower.php 3)http://www.anniesremedy.com/herb_detail490.php 4)https://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/s/sunfl100.html#med 5)http://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/cs_hean3.pdf|