|Botanical Nomenclature||Hesperis matronalis|
|Common Name||Damask Violet, Dame's Gilliflower, Dame's Rocket, Dame's-Violet, Mother-Of-The-Evening, Night-Scented Gilliflower, Queen's Gilliflower, Rogue's Gilliflower, Summer Lilac, Sweet Rocket, Winter Gilliflower|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Hesperis matronalis is a perennial or biennial plant growing from 0,6 to 0,8m, with lanceolate, green, wavy, pubescent leaves, small, black fruits and white or purple, hermaphrodite flowers in inflorescences. The flowering and the harvesting take place from April to July, while the fruiting happens from early spring until July.|
|Region Found||Ioannina (Vikos-Aoos, Metsovo, Peristeri, Pindos, Zagori)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Leaves, fruits, flowers|
|Active Substances||Vitamin C, essential oil|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The leaves of the plant have diuretic and sudorific properties and they are mainly used in medicine, due to their high content in vitamin C, for the treatment of scurvy. The plant is cultivated for its essential oil, which is used in perfumery.|
|Method of Administration||The fresh plant is edible and its consumption is recommended against scurvy, while the herbal extract is used to isolate the essential oil which is mainly used in perfumery.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||No side effects have been reported.|
|References||1) http://www.naturalmedicinalherbs.net/herbs/h/hesperis-matronalis=sweet-rocket.php 2) http://practicalplants.org/wiki/Hesperis_matronalis 3) http://www.ediblewildfood.com/sweet-rocket.aspx 4) http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Hesperis+matronalis 5) https://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/r/rocket16.html 6)http://commonsensehome.com/dames-rocket/|