|Botanical Nomenclature||Bellis perennis|
|Common Name||Bruisewort, Common Daisy, English Daisy, Lawn Daisy, Woundwort|
|Taxonomy- Family||Compositae or Asteraceae|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Bellis perennis is a perennial, herbaceous plant growing up to 10cm, with plush, pointed, broad leaves. The inflorescences end in flowers with white or pink petals and yellow center. The flowering lasts from December to January and the harvesting takes place from March to October.|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Flower head|
|Active Substances||Saponins, essential oil, tannins, flavones, mucus, bitter agents, mucilage|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The plant is administered in the form of herbal tea as sedative, expectorant, diuretic, emollient, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory. It is applied externally to the skin in the form of infusion made from the dried leaves and flowers for the treatment of various skin diseases such as sores, wounds, acne, rash and pyoderma. Also, it is recommended in the form of herbal tea against productive cough, runny nose, gout, rheumatism, diarrhea and various liver diseases. In homeopathy it is administered in the form of tincture as hemostatic.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is orally administered as expectorant, diuretic and antiseptic in the form of herbal tea (3g of dried flowers in 200mL of boiled water, 2-3 times a day) and as antiseptic and soothing in the form of infusion (100g of dried flowers and leaves in 1L of boiling water, 2-3 times daily). In folk medicine is recommended the consumption of fresh flowers' juice (one spoon, 2-3 times a day) against common cold, runny nose and cough. In homeopathy it is applied externally as hemostatic in the form of ointment (10g of dried leaves in alcohol 60%, 20 drops, 3 times a day).
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||No side effects have been reported.|
|References||1)Βιβλίο: Οδηγός των φαρμακευτικών φυτών, Paul Schauenberg, Ferdinand Paris, Εκδότης Μ. Γκιούρδας, Αθήνα 1981, σελίδες 252, 2)http://www.rhs.org.uk/plants/details?plantid=231 3)http://remedial-plants.blogspot.gr/2013/10/blog-post.html 4)http://www.dolo.gr/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=144&Itemid=51 5)http://abchomeopathy.com/r.php/Bell-p 6)http://www.botanical-online.com/english/daisy_properties.htm|