|Botanical Nomenclature||Amygdalus communis or Prunus amygdalus|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Amygdalus communis is a small tree or bush growing from 3 up to 5m, with narrow, serrated leaves, pink or white flowers and oval, green fruits. The flowering and the harvesting take place from January to March.|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Flowers, wristband of almonds, bark, seeds|
|Active Substances||Protein, fat, carbohydrates, Emoulsini, Amygdalin (a toxic glycoside contained only in bitter almonds), essential oil which contains olein, a small percentage of linoleic acid and other glycerides. The sweet almonds are rich in minerals and vitamins, mainly vitamin E.|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has emollient, cleansing, soothing and diuretic properties and it is administered in the form of an emulsion or almond oil for the treatment of renal colic, gastroenteritis, stomach pain and kidney stones. It is also reccomended as an oil against irritations of the skin and burns, and in the form of a syrup for the treatment of cough, hoarseness, constipation and various kidney pains.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered as soothing and laxative in the form of emulsion and oil (almond oil), mainly for external use and as antitussive and emollient in the form of syrup.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||Plant's consumption may cause nausea, dyspepsia, pruritus (itching) and rash. Particular care is required in bitter almonds, which contain the toxic and poisonous substance of 'amygdalin'. In the case of poisoning from bitter almonds' consumption, gastric lavage is required and atropine administration. The lethal dose is about 50-60 bitter almonds (adults), 4-6 (children).|
|References||) Bιβλίο: Τα φαρμακευτικά βότανα και οι θεραπευτικές τους ιδιότητες, Λάμπρου Π. Σπύρου, Αγροτικός εκδοτικός οίκος, Αθήνα 1981, A' τόμος, σελίδες: 92-94 2) Βιβλίο: Οδηγός των φαρμακευτικών φυτών, Paul Schauenberg, Ferdinand Paris, Εκδότης Μ. Γκιούρδας, Αθήνα 1981, σελίδες 98-99, 3)http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18502914 4)http://www.drugs.com/npp/almond-almond-oil.html 5)http://www.henriettes-herb.com/eclectic/kings/prunus-dulc.html 6) http://www.herb.gr/index.php/catalog/product/view/id/561/s/amigdalia/ 7)http://phyto.gr/amygdalia/|