|Botanical Nomenclature||Styrax officinalis|
|Common Name||Benzoin, Snowbell|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Styrax officinalis is a shrub tree growing from 2 to 7m, with oval or oblong, pubescent white leaves and hermaphrodite, white, fragrant flowers in inflorescences (bunches). The flowering lasts from March to June and the fruiting happens in October.|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||The semi-liquid, sticky, brown inside and dark colored outside resin, which is collected from the incision of the branches cortex|
|Active Substances||Styrene, 47% cinnamic acid, resin, which contains from 17 to 25% water and is soluble in organic solvents. The solid portion of the resin consists of rosin (storezinole), vanillin, essential oil (styrene), which contains styroline, cinnamin and phenylethylamine and various cinnamic ethers.|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has antiseptic, healing and fungicidal properties. It is applied externally against ulcers, scabies, amenorrhea and pediculosis pubic. The tincture made from the plant is used as antiseptic in the form of mouthwashes, as well against edema and gonorrhea. In folk medicine it is used for the treatment of asthma, cough and tuberculosis.|
|Method of Administration||It is applied as antiseptic and healing against minor injuries and wounds in the form of oil, which is produced by mixing the pulverized resin with an oil, as an excipient. It is administered to heal chronic ulcers and for the treatment of intestinal parasites in the form of tablets (32-64 grains a day).
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||No side effects have been reported.|
|References||1) Bιβλίο: Τα φαρμακευτικά βότανα και οι θεραπευτικές τους ιδιότητες, Λάμπρου Π. Σπύρου, Αγροτικός εκδοτικός οίκος, Αθήνα 1981, Β' τόμος, σελίδες: 505-506 2)http://www.iama.gr/ethno/ypertasi_files/Ypertasi_Kandyli.pdf 3)http://www.hellenicgods.org/storax 4)http://www.kreta-umweltforum.de/Merkblaetter_en/276-08E.pdf 5)http://www.moa.gov.cy/moa/fd/fd.nsf/All/268D43C2B057CD2EC2257A28002FD877/$file/%CE%94%CE%AD%CE%BD%CF%84%CF%81%CE%B1%20%CE%BA%CE%B1%CE%B9%20%CE%98%CE%AC%CE%BC%CE%BD%CE%BF%CE%B9%20%CF%83%CF%84%CE%B7%CE%BD%20%CE%9A%CF%8D%CF%80%CF%81%CE%BF%20%CF%80%CE%BF%CF%85%20%CF%80%CE%B5%CF%81%CE%B9%CE%AD%CF%87%CE%BF%CF%85%CE%BD%20%CE%A4%CE%BF%CE%BE%CE%B9%CE%BA%CE%AD%CF%82%20%CE%9F%CF%85%CF%83%CE%AF%CE%B5%CF%82.pdf 6)http://www.natureofcyprus.org/detailInfoGreek.aspx?cid=5&recid=359&recordid=359&pageindex=0&rowid=0&pagesize=5|