|Botanical Nomenclature||Amaranthus retroflexus|
|Common Name||Common Tumbleweed, Pigweed Amaranth, Red-Root Amaranth, Redroot Pigweed|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Amaranthus retroflexus is an annual or perennial plant growing from 1 to 1,5m, with green, oval leaves and red or green flowers in inflorescences (bunches). The flowering lasts from June to September, the fruiting happens from August to October and the harvesting takes place from spring to autumn.|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||The tops of the plant, leaves, seeds|
|Active Substances||Lysine, linoleic and other fatty acids, magnesium, iron, calcium, starch, vitamins A, C, tannins.|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has a high nutritional value and is usually one of the main components in the athletes' diet, as it helps to balance the energy and the strength. Also, it is administered in the form of herbal tea as it boosts the metabolism, while it is suitable for persons who have gluten intolerance. Finally, the leaves have diuretic, laxative and antioxidant properties.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered as stimulant of metabolism as well as nutritional supplement in the form of herbal tea (150g of dried leaves in a cup of boiled water, 1-2 times a day) or it may be consumed in culinary form.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||Plant's consumption may cause hallucinations and decreased concentration (overdose)|
|References||1) http://www.ygeia-evexia.gr/articles2.asp?aid=432 2)http://www.ediblewildfood.com/pigweed.aspx 3)http://dspace.aua.gr/xmlui/bitstream/handle/10329/5727/Kotsovinou_E.pdf?sequence=4 4)http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Amaranthus+retroflexus 5)http://medicinalherbinfo.org/herbs/Amaranth.html 6)http://practicalplants.org/wiki/Amaranthus_retroflexus|